Full text of "Catalog"
Nineteenth Catalogue of the
International Young Men's
lilt Wim kir \C
UNIVERSITY flF HUMS
Admission, Requirements for 60
Association Seminar, School Pub-
Boys' Work, Course for
Conventions and Lectures
Course of Study
Exercise, Philosophy of
Exercise, Physiology of
Exercise, Prescription of
History of School
Loan Fund 64
Methods, Study of 39
Normal Practice 55
Object of School 13
Officers and Committees 6
Pedagogy, Religious 43
Problems of a Twentieth Century
Physical Course 45
Physical Department, Organiza-
tion of 55
Physical Department, Theory
Physical Diagnosis 53
Physical Examinations 53
Physical Training, History of 49
Physiology 39, 49
Policy of School 13
Practical Work 44, 46
Recitations, Practice and Examina-
Religious Education, Principles of 34
Religious Life 29
Secretarial Course 38
Self Support 62
Seminar, Secretarial 42
Seminar, Physical 51
Senior Tour 44
Student Organizations 62
Student Publication 63
Training Classes 32
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NINETEENTH ANNUAL CATA
LOGUE OF THE INTERNATIONAL
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSO
CIATION TRAINING SCHOOL
Founded in 1885.
1 9 o 3 - 1 9 O 4
With Announcements for 1 904-1 905
Regular meetings of the Trustees on the third Wednesdays
of September and March, and on the third Friday in June.
Annual meeting of the Corporation on the third Friday in
School financial year, September 1 to August 31.
January 5 — Tuesday, .... Beginning of Winter Term.
March 18 — Friday, End of Winter Term.
March 14-20, Senior trip to New York.
March 23-25 — Wednesday-Friday, . . New England Secre-
taries' Conference (at the Dormitory Building).
March 30 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Spring Term.
June 17 — Friday, Commencement Exercises.
September 21 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Fall Term.
December 16 — Friday, End of Fall Term.
January 3 — Tuesday, .... Beginning of Winter Term.
March 17— Friday, End of Winter Term.
March 29 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Spring Term.
June 16 — Friday, Commencement Exercises.
For general information concerning the School, or for admission to the
Secretarial Course, apply to President L. L. Doggett.
Persons desiring information concerning, or admission as students to,
the Physical Course, are invited to correspond with Dr. James H. McCurdy.
Corporators and Trustees
The names of the Trustees are italicized.
Australia, N. S. W., Sidney, David Walker.
Victoria, Melbourne, H. A. Wilcox.
France, Paris, E. Buscarlet.
Germany, Berlin, Count Andreas Bernstorff.
England, London, M. H. Hodder.
W. H. Mills.
J. H. Putterill.
Scotland, Edinburgh, R. H. Smith.
Glasgow, W. M. Oatts.
Hawaii, Honolulu, Hon. Henry Waterhouse.
India, Calcutta, T. D. Patton.
South Africa, Adams, Natal, George B. Cowles.
Sweden, Stockholm, Baron Edward Barnekow.
Switzerland, Geneva, Rev. Gustave Tophel.
Manitoba, Winnipeg, R. J. Whitla.
Ontario, Toronto, F. M. Pratt.
Thomas S. Cole.
C. M. Copeland.
" " Robert Kilgour.
Quebec, Montreal, D. A. Budge.
" D. W. Ross.
F. W. Kelley.
Alabama, Birmingham, James Bowron.
" " Joseph Hardie.
California, Pasadena, Arthur G. Merriam.
u San Francisco, H. J. McCoy.
Colorado, Denver, Donald Fletcher
Connecticut, Hartford, T. A. Hildreth.
Noel H. Jacks.
" " Henry Roberts.
New Britain, F. G. Piatt.
" New Haven, W. G. Lotze.
H. L. Smith.
District of Columbia, Washington, Merrill E. Gates.
Florida, Winter Park, O. C. Morse.
Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White.
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown
A. A. Stagg.
" " Robert Weidensall.
Iowa, Des Moines, W. A. Magee.
" E. D. Sampson.
Kansas, Lawrence, James Naismith.
Topeka, R. B. Gemmell.
Kentucky, Louisville, J. L. Wheat.
Louisiana, New Orleans, W. B. Abbott.
Maryland, Baltimore, W. H. Morriss.
" Hagerstown, R. S. Crawford.
Massachusetts, Boston, R. M. Armstrong.
" Charles A. Hopkins.
G. W. Mehaffey.
" H. M. Moore.
Campello, Preston B. Keith.
Chicopee, James L. Pease.
Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick.
Holyoke, C. W. Rider.
Lynn,/. N. Smith.
" Henry P. Emerson.
Maiden, George E. Day.
Nantucket, E. A. Lawrence.
Salem, Christian Lantz.
Newton, Fred W. Atkinson.
Springfield, Dr. W. F. Andrews.
T. M. Balliet.
Charles H. Barrows.
II. II. Bowman.
J. T. Bowne.
Geo. P. C 'hamberlain.
Massachusetts, Springfield, Wm. Knowles'Cooper.
E. H. Cutler.
L. L. Doggett.
" J. L. Johnson.
" John McFethries.
Rev. D. A. Reed.
" C. H. Southworth.
" W. E. Waterburx.
A. B. Wallace.
Worcester, F. W. Teague.
Wilbraham, W. R. Newhall.
Michigan, Detroit, H. G. Van Tuyl.
Missouri, Kansas City, Witten McDonald.
New Hampshire, Concord, Allen Folger.
New Jersey, Montclair, L. D. Wishard.
" Newark, G. H. Winslow.
Plainfield, C. W. McCutchen.
" " W. D. Murray.
" Summit, Charles B. Grant.
New York, Addison, Burton G. Winton.
" Albany, Clarence Valentine.
" Brooklyn, F. B. Pratt.
C. W. Dietrich.
" " Luther Gulick.
" 11 Edwin F. See.
Buffalo, S. M. Clement.
" Geneva, T. C. Maxwell.
" Jamestown, W. A. Keeler.
" Medina, W. A. Bowen.
" New York, Frederick Bil/inqs.
E. W. Booth.
" " Cephas Brainerd .
" " Wm. T. Brown.
J. W. Cook.
C. C. Cuyler.
H. D. Dickson.
Rev. John H. Elliot.
" u F. S. Goodman.
" David McConaughy, Jr.
" 14 Geo. L Meylan.
Richard C. Mdrse.
" 44 W. S. Richardson.
F. B. Schenck.
" " J. Gardner Smith.
" " George A. Warburton.
" " A. J. D. Wedemeyer.
Troy, H. S. Ludlow.
No. Carolina, Davidson College, Prof. H. L,
Ohio, Cleveland, F. M. Barton.
A. D. Hatfield.
G. K. Shurtleff.
" Dayton, G N. Bierce.
Pennsylvania, Erie, C. W. Davenport.
Philadelphia, Thos. DeWitt Cuyler
li Pittsburg, Benjamin Thaw.
" Scranton, C. H. Zehnder.
Rhode Island, Providence, W. E. Colley.
Tennessee, Chattanooga, J. B. Milligan.
Knoxville, James H. Cowan.
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Hardie.
Vermont, Burlington, W. J. Van Patten.
" Montpelier, A. J. Howe.
Virginia, Richmond, Joseph Bryan.
14 " L. A. Coulter.
Washington, Seattle, E. C. Kilbourne.
Officers and Committees
L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D Springfield, Mass.
C. A. HOPKINS Boston, Mass.
H. H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass.
F. I. ELDRIDGE Springfield, Mass.
J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass.
GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass.
DR. W. F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass.
F. G. PLATT New Britain, Conn.
With the Treasurer, ex oMcio
JOHN McFETHRIES Springfield, Mass.
GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass.
J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass.
CHAS. H. BARROWS Springfield, Mass.
C. A. HOPKINS Boston, Mass.
PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass.
H. H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass.
Committee on Instruction
EDWIN F. SEE Brooklyn, N. Y.
W. R. NEWHALL Wilbraham, Mass.
T. M. BALLIET Springfield, Mass.
J. W. COOK New York City.
R. C. MORSE New York City.
GEO. L. MEYLAN New York City.
Sub-Committee on Physical Course
T. M. BALLIET Springfield, Mass.
R. C MORSE New York City.
GEO. L. MEYLAN New York City.
Members of the Faculty
L. L. Doggett, Ph. D., President; History and Literature of the Young
Men's Christian Association, Methods of Religious Work,
60 Northampton Avenue.
A. B., Oberlin College, 1886; assistant state secretary Ohio Young Men's Chris-
tian Associations, 1888; student Union Seminary, 1889; B. D., Oberlin Theological
Seminary, 1890; A. M., Oberlin College, 1890; general secretary town Young
Men's Christian Association, Oberlin, 1890; assistant state secretary Ohio Young
Men's Christian Associations, 1890-93; Ph. D., Leipsic University, 1895; state secre-
tary Ohio Young Men's Christian Associations, 1895-6; president International
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass., 1896—;
author "History of the Young Men's Christian Association" Vol. I., 1896; "His-
tory of the Boston Young Men's Christian Association," 1901; "Life of Robert R.
J. T. Bowne; Librarian and Instructor in Association Methods,
121 Northampton Avenue.
In business, 1863-77; secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Hudson, N.
Y., 1877-78; assistant secretary Brooklyn Association, 1878-80; secretary Newburgh,
N. Y., Association, 1880-83; in charge of Secretarial Bureau of International Com-
mittee, New York City, 1883-85; instructor and librarian Training School, Spring-
field, Mass., 1885—; founder Historical Library of the American Young Men's
Christian Associations, 1877; founder of the Secretaries Insurance Alliance, 1889;
joint editor of " Association Handbook," 1887-92; author "Decimal Classification
for Association Publications," 1891; joint author "Decimal Classification for
Physical Training," 1901.
F. N. Seerley, B. Ph., M. D. ; Anatomy, Psychology, and Personal
Work 180 Westford Avenue.
General secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Iowa City, Iowa, 1882-85;
general secretary Davenport, Iowa, Association, 1886-87; general secretary Osh-
kosh, Wis., Association, 1888-89; student Training School, Springfield, Mass., 1889-
90; instructor Training School, 1890—; M. D., State University, Vermont, 1891;
B. Ph., State University, Iowa, 1896; student Clark University Summer School
three years; physical examiner and medical adviser Mount Hermon School,
1894 — ; physical examiner Wilbraham Academy, 1896—; physical examiner Mon-
son Academy, 1902—; member Springfield Board of Education, 1896—; editor
Association Seminar, 1901—.
H. M. Burr, B. A., B. D. ; Christian History and Sociology,
250 Alden Street.
B. A., Amherst College, 1885; B. D., Hartford Theological Seminary, 1888;
assistant pastor of First Church, Lowell, Mass., 1899; pastor Park Church,
Springfield, Mass., 1890-92; instructor in Training School, 1892—; post-graduate
work m sociology, economics, and psychology at Columbia University, 1897.
J. H. McCurdy, M. D. ; Physiology, Physiology of Exercise, Gymnastics
and Athletics 308 Eastern Avenue.
Assistant secretary, Bangor, Me., 1887; physical director, Auburn, Me., 1888;
student Training School, 1889-90; athletic and aquatic director New York Citv
Association, 1891-94; M. D., New York University, 1893; physical and medical
director Twenty-third Street Branch Association, 1893-95; instructor Training
School, 1895—; graduate student in physiology of exercise, Harvard Medical
School, 1896 and 1900; lecturer on physiology of exercise and on bibliographical
methods in physical training, Harvard Summer School, 1903: joint author "Deci-
mal Classification for Physical Training," 1901; member of the American Society
for Research in Physical Education, and of the Phvsical Directors' Society of the
Young Men's Christian Association of North America.
W. G. Ballantine, D. D., LL. D. ; The Bible 321 St. James Avenue.
A. B., Marietta College, 1868; A. M., 1874; graduate Union Theological Semi-
nary, New York, 1872; student University of Leipsic, 1872-73; D. D., Marietta
College, 1885; LL. D., Western Reserve University, 1891; assistant engineer Amer-
ican Palestine Exploring Expedition, 1873; professor of chemistrv and natural
science, Ripon College, 1874-76; assistant professor of Greek, Indiana University,
1876-78; professor of Greek and Hebrew, Oberlin Theological Seminary, 1878-81;
professor of Old Testament language and literature, 1881-91; president Oberlin
College, 1891-96; instructor Training School, 1897—; author of 11 Inductive Logic"
and "Inductive Bible Studies," published by the International Committee Young
Men's Christian Associations.
Wm. W. Hastings, Ph. D. ; Anthropometry, History and Philosophy of
Physical Training 1086 State Street.
A. B.. Maryville College, 1886; secretary Young Men's Christian Association,
Maryville. Tenn., 1887-88; graduate Union Theological Seminary, 1891; graduate
student New York University, 1889-91; assistant secretary Student Volunteer
Movement for Foreign Missions, 1890-91; graduate student Union Theological
Seminary and Columbia University, 1891-92; first assistant secretary Twenty-
third Street Branch Association, New York City, 1892; representative Interna-
tional Committee of Young Men's Christian Associations, Mexico, 1892; A. M.,
Maryville College, 1893; A. M., Haverford College, 1894; master Haverford Col-
lege Grammar School, 1894-95; Ph. D.. Haverford College, 1896; graduate Train-
ing School, 1897; adjunct professor of physiology and hygiene, and head of the
department of physical training, University of Nebraska, 1897-1900; instructor
Training School, 1901 — ; author of "Manual for Physical Measurements"; "A
Series of Anthropometric Tables for All Ages"; "Card System of Physical
F. I. Eldridge; Financial Secretary . . . 180 Westford Avenue.
Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett, M. A. . .60 Northampton Avenue.
Elmer Berry, B. S. '02 Dormitory Building.
Physics, Chemistry, Gymnastics
W. W. Nigh, B. S. '06 Dormitory Building.
F. A. FIenckel, '04 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
J. H. Gray, '04 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
A. E. Metzdorf, '05 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
F. F. Bugbee, Fellow '04 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
J. H. Scott, '04 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
W. H. Ball, '91, D. W. Pollard, '02 Springfield, Mass.
F. H. Foster, '94 Springfield, Mass.
J. F. Simons, '00 180 Westford Avenue.
Special Lecturers and Secretarial Visitors,
Fred S. Goodman, Secretary International Committee, New York City.
The Organization of Religious Work
Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, Director of Physical Training in Public
Schools New York City.
Physical Training in a Great City
Fred B. Smith, Secretary International Committee, New York City.
Dr. George L. Meylan, Director of Physical Training, Columbia Uni-
versity New York City.
The College Physical Directorship
C. C. Michener, Secretary International Committee, New York City.
Dr. D. A. Sargent, Director of Physical Training, Harvard University,
Review of Physical Training During the Past Twenty-five Years.
Richard C. Morse, Secretary International Committee, New York City.
Dr. George J. Fisher, Director of Physical Training, Central Branch,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
The Young Men's Christian Association Physical Directorship
C. K. Ober, Secretary International Committee . New York City.
William Orr, Jr., Principal High School . . Springfield, Mass.
Physical Training in the Public High ScJiools
L. Wilbur Messer, General Secretary .... Chicago 111.
Rev. William Byron Forbush, President Boys' Alliance,
The Religious Education of Boys
J. W. Cook, State Secretary New York City.
George B. Hodge, Secretary International Committee, New York City.
Ball, William Henry
Bugbee, Frederick Fay
Abbott, Samuel Edson
Auburn, N. Y.
Barrier, Emile August
Bonnamaux, Charles (B. A., B. S.)
Cunningham, Charles F. W.
Rochester, N. Y.
Currier, William Gideon
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Elliott, Edward Scott
Flanagan, T. Joseph
Rome, N. Y.
Gray, John Henry
East Orange, N. J.
Hamlin, Robert Pearson
Hayes, Floyd Tomkins
Albany, N. Y.
Henckel, Frederick August
Albany, N. Y.
Holmes, Percy Kendall
Yarmouth, N. S.
Laudenslager, Irvin A.
Valley View, Pa.
Lewis, William Everett
Syracuse, N. Y.
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Moraller, Erich Ludwig
Plainfield, N. J.
Pinneo, George M.
Randel, Noble Phillips
Oneida, N. Y.
Rath, James Arthur
Rea, Charles Taylor
Russell, Howard W.
Samson, Paul B. (M. Di.)
Cedar Falls, Iowa.
Scott, John Henry
New York City.
Seymour, Roy F.
Syracuse, N. Y.
Smith, S. Leroy (B. S.)
South Hadley, Mass.
Stafford, James Walker
Thompson, Elmer Edwin
Wilber, Frank Blair
Middle Class (1905)
Botsford, Charles Selwyn
Manchester Center, Vt.
Burckhaiter, Thomas W.
Caskey, George Martin
Cousins, Wilfred Seymour
Canso, N. S.
Davis, William Cole
Rockbridge Baths, Va.
Dawson, Arthur Bloomfield
Draper, Dexter Wright
South Boston, Mass.
Foster, Charles R.
Newark, N. J.
Gilman, George Bertram
Hill, Frederick Calvin
Lowman, Guy Sumner (B. Di.)
Mount Hermon, Mass.
Maxwell, George Stewart
Bear River, N. S.
Metzdorf, August E.
Nigh, Wilbur Wilson (B. S.)
No. Baltimore, Ohio.
Pest, Bohumil T.
Ricketts, Warren J.
Robertson, Edward John
Fall River, Mass.
Steiner, Joseph A.
*Young, Chas. Van Patten (B. A.)
Zipp, Charles A., Jr.
Beckett, William H. J.
Chattleton, Elbert Russell
Cobb, Walter Frank
Cundiff, Lawrence Bayard
Day, Louis Everett
Goldsmith, Albert Lyman
Giles, W. Arthur
Goodwin, Carl Henry
Gray, Frank Justus
Haynes, William Melvin
Hawkes, Walter Lemuel
Knapp, William Howard
Lawson, John Herric
*Long, Winfield Harry
Marks, Oscar Victor
S Baltimore, Md.
P Waterbury, Conn.
P Attleboro, Mass.
P Brattleboro, Vt.
S Hartford, Conn.
P Hartford, Conn.
S Yoakum, Tex.
P Colon, Mich.
P Rome, N. Y.
P Nashua, N. H.
S Portland, Me.
P Attleboro, Mass.
P Troy, N. H.
P Newport News, Va.
S Clifton Forge, Va.
♦Marsh, Clifford Wanzer
Mason, Appleton Adams
Morong, Wells Francais
O'Brien, John Francis
Peckham, George Popple
Pereira, Antonio R. S.
Piatt, Frederic Gamwell
♦Powell, Harold Grinnell
Prettyman, Albert Ira
Schneider, Roy Florence
Seller, Joseph Tennyson
Seybolt, Francis Emmet
Smith, Frank Drake
Smith, Herbert Stanley
Stanley, Francis Allen
♦Stetson, Clarence Wilson
Storey, John William
Thompson, Harry James
Tucker, Raymond D.
♦Weidman, Harry P.
♦Wilson, Benjamin Van Lew
S Bridgeport, Conn.
P Waverly, Mass.
S Portland, Me.
S Dublin, Ireland.
P Newport, R. I.
S Rio Janeiro, Brazil.
P Pittsfield, Mass.
P Hopewell, N. J.
P Baltimore, Md.
P Watertown, N. Y.
S Guysboro, N. S.
S Matamoras, Pa.
P Brooklyn, N. Y.
S Anagance, N. B.
S . South Brewer, Me.
P Brooklyn, N. Y.
S Woburn, Mass.
S Dublin, Ireland.
S Paterson, N. J.
S , Columbia, Conn.
P Oneonta, N. Y.
P Lynn, Mass.
S Secretarial Course.
P Physical Course.
* Partial Course.
The Training School equips young men for the offices of
General Secretary, Physical Director, Educational Director and
Director of Boys' Work in the Young Men's Christian Associa-
tion. It prepares Christian young men for the physical director-
ship in schools, academies, colleges, and public playgrounds.
Young men are also admitted who desire to fit themselves for
Christian work among boys in boys' clubs and other organizations.
There are two conceptions of a technical school. One, that the
instructors shall be men who, though devoting their chief energy
to the work of their profession, are willing to take part of their
time to meet students and direct their study. This method of
imparting instruction was formerly almost universal. It has been
as generally abandoned. In the trades, it was called the appren-
tice system. Young men were bound out to master workmen of
varying degrees of ability, who taught them simply to do as their
fathers had done. This has been succeeded in Europe, and more
recently in America, by the trades schools and industrial institutes,
which not only teach better, but are constantly leading in im-
proved methods of work. In the professions the development has
been almost parallel. Formerly a student of law, medicine, or
divinity was placed under the charge of a member of the profes-
sion he was seeking to enter. The lawyer directed the reading of
the law student, took him to court, and otherwise guided his work.
But this method of professional preparation has been abandoned
in Europe, and is fast passing here. It has been found that
preparation for a life work is of such vital moment that it cannot
be left to the casual hours of men who give their chief thought
and energy elsewhere.
But more important than this, the most successful schools are
those which devote the greatest care to fundamental studies and
principles, and only give actual work sufficient to illustrate these
principles and secure the necessary skill. A man will have oppor-
tunity to gain experience all his life, but he is not likely to master
the principles of his calling after entering upon it. Actual ex-
perience gives precedents, rather than guiding principles. This
higher conception of a technical institution is an historical de-
The Training School is built upon such a conception, and its
history has already shown the wisdom of this policy. The leader-
ship of the School in physical training and in work among boys,
and its contributions to Association literature and methods, have
given it a prominent place. In its early days, the trustees were
compelled to employ men who gave only part of their time to
teaching. It has greatly increased the efficiency of the School to
have a faculty of specialists who devote their whole endeavor to
its interests. Much of the original investigation done at the
School appears in its publication, "The Association Seminar."
The technical and professional schools to-day aim, also, both
to train men and to advance the particular calling of which they
are a part. The Training School has always recognized its obliga-
tions to further the interests of the Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciations by an original study of the problems presented by work
among young men and boys. This is a rich field for research and
investigation. There is scarcely one of the technical courses of the
curriculum but has been largely produced by the instructor.
The rapid extension of the Association movement between
1870 and 1880, the erection of large buildings, and the marked
increase in the size of individual Associations created a de-
mand for trained men as officers. Assistant secretaryships, con-
ferences, and general conventions were the first means of training.
Afterwards candidates were sent to various secretaries for per-
sonal training. About 1879, arrangements were made by the
International Committee and the state committee of Pennsyl-
vania, to have candidates for the secretaryship visit the Associa-
tion at Harrisburg, Pa., for a period of from two to four weeks,
that they might gain some practical acquaintance with methods
of work. Twenty-six men visited this Association during the
next three years. In June, 1880, Newburgh, N. Y., was made a
training station, where Mr. T. T. Rowne was secretary. Sixty-
eight men visited this Association. During this period Pough-
keepsie and Yonkers, N. Y., and Peoria, 111., were also added to
the list of training stations. In addition to the growing demand
for men there was a corresponding advance in requirements.
It was in response to such appeals that this institution was
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 1885,
in connection with the School for Christian Workers. Mr. J. T.
Bowne, then one of the secretaries of the International Committee,
was called to take charge of the secretarial department. In 1886
the department for physical training was established under the
direction of Dr. Luther Gulick. This department has prepared a
large proportion of the physical directors now in Association
work. In 1890, as the result of a demand from the Associations,
the Training School was separately incorporated as the Inter-
national Young Men's Christian Association Training School.
The following year a desirable property, consisting of thirty acres
of ground, bordering on Massasoit Lake, was purchased, and
after an heroic effort funds were secured for a model gymnasium
and athletic field. The pressing need of a dormitory and recita-
tion hall was met by the erection, in 1895, of the present attractive
headquarters of the institution. The School has a property valued
With this external development there has been a less public
but even more important internal evolution. A carefully shaped
curriculum, extending over a three years' course, and a competent
faculty of specialists is the result.
Course of Study
The course of study as at first arranged covered two years.
During 1895 this was extended to cover three years. This course
aims to accomplish two things : First, to equip every student who
comes to the School to be a leader in religious work for boys or
young men; second, to give him a technical knowledge of the
work he expects to undertake in the Young Men's Christian
The institution stands for the most thorough specialization
accompanied with a generous liberal training. It would fit the
student for something definite, and at the same time give him some
view of the broader fields of human culture. It seeks both cul-
ture and power. In planning for the special studies for the various
offices of the Young Men's Christian Association, the trustees
have held the conviction that the aim of the institution should be
to inculcate general principles rather than precedents or rules ; for
example, the School aims to make men masters of the contents of
the Scriptures rather than to give two or three courses which
might be reproduced in an Association. It aims to make men who
can produce their own Bible courses.
It is remarkable in the technical courses how far the curriculum
has gone beyond simply the study of methods, which was at first
contemplated. Methods have not only held their place, but cover
a far larger sphere than at first. The course has also> advanced
to study principles as already described, and in recent years has
undertaken a scientific study of boys and young men — their habits,
aptitudes, temptations, economic standing and religious life. In
sociology extended studies have been made among the young men
and boys of Springfield regarding their economic and religious
Since its inception, this institution has stood for what might
be called the modern humanities. It has recognized the threefold
nature of man — body, mind and spirit. This conception furnishes
a philosophy for its curriculum. It is a guiding principle which
gives unity and symmetry to its work. The four liberal studies
pursued are history, social economics, English, and the study of
the human mind.
The Training School has also stood for a high type of manliness
in athletics. It has been an earnest advocate of clean sport and
gentlemanliness on the athletic field and on the gymnasium floor.
The Training School offers a two years' course of study to col-
lege graduates in the secretarial and physical courses. The Asso-
ciation offers an inviting career for men with a college education,
and in schools and colleges there is an increasing demand for well
equipped physical directors. The impression has prevailed among
some that a college education without additional training is ade-
quate for success in the general secretaryship, or the physical di-
rectorship. This is not justified by experience. During the five
years, 1896-1900, two hundred and twenty-one college graduates
entered the service of the Young Men's Christian Association as
secretaries or physical directors, or in other positions. By Jan-
uary 1, 1903, sixty-six per cent, or all but seventy-five of these
men had dropped out of Association service. Of these two 1 hun-
dred and twenty-one, one hundred and ten entered the work as
general secretaries or assistant secretaries. On the first of Jan-
uary, 1903, only twenty-six per cent, or twenty-nine, remained
in these positions. In other words, less than one-third of the
college graduates who entered city Association service during
these five years are now engaged in the work. On the other
hand, seventy-three per cent of the graduates of the secretarial
course at the Training School during these years, 1896-1900,
are now engaged as general secretaries or assistant secretaries.
It is important that in addition to the training in college, a
man should have a thorough training in methods of Association
work, in the study of the Bible, and in the history and literature of
the Association. He should also make a systematic study of the
physical, mental, social, and religious characteristics of boys and
young men. He should be trained as a religious leader, and
should become a specialist in the great questions regarding young
men and boys.
Physical training offers to the college man the advantages of
a comparatively new profession. The increase in the number of
positions in Associations, preparatory schools, and colleges, dur-
ing the last fifteen years has been about six hundred. This does
not include any of those in the city schools. The Associations,
schools, and colleges are searching for men of moral earnestness
and Christian character, who have the necessary technical knowl-
edge and executive ability. The present demand far exceeds the
The need of technical training is clearly shown by the fact that
only nineteen per cent of the non-trained men, or those who
enter through an apprenticeship, succeed. Of the college grad-
uates entering the physical directorship without technical prepara-
tion, about twenty-three per cent succeed, while eighty-six per
cent of the Training School graduates are successful.
Buildings and Grounds
The institution has been provided with a property admirably
adapted to its purpose located on the shores of Massasoit Lake.
Its grounds, fifteen minutes' ride from the Springfield Association,
covers thirty acres of land, which together with the buildings is
valued at $125,000.
The dormitory building, which at present is used also for
recitations, library, and offices, is an attractive four-story brick
structure, overlooking the lake. The first floor contains the lec-
ture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room," the reading
room, library and offices.
The three upper floors contain two class rooms and sleeping
rooms for sixty-eight students. Each floor is provided with lava-
tories and baths. In the basement there is provision for chemical,
physical and anatomatical laboratories, a bicycle room and store
room, beside the furnace and engine rooms.
The Training School possesses a model gymnasium, given by
four of its friends, Colonel Charles A. Hopkins, Preston B. Keith,
Benjamin Thaw, and the late Roland P. Hazard. The gym-
nasium floor is forty-eight by seventy-four feet, free from posts,
having the usual apparatus, and in addition, Swedish boms, hand-
ball court, class climbing ropes, seven needle baths with hot and
cold water, lockers eighteen by eighteen by forty-eight inches with
combination locks. It also contains two class rooms, examining
rooms, and the physiological laboratory.
Adjoining the gymnasium, six acres have been set apart for
athletic purposes. This has been equipped with a ball field, quar-
ter-mile running and bicycle track, and tennis courts. As the
number of students increased, it has been necessary to use the
grounds on the north side of Alden Street, covering fourteen
acres, for athletic purposes. Foot ball and base ball teams are
trained on these grounds, and they are used for other athletic
work as well. The athletic field near the gymnasium is flooded
during the winter for skating and ice hockey.
Through the efforts of the students and the generous gift of
Mr. Frank Beebe, of Holyoke, a boat house was erected, in the
fall of 1901, on the borders of Massasoit Lake. This boat house
is equipped with a fine fleet of boats. Massasoit Lake, which is
two miles in length, furnishes an admirable opportunity for train-
ing in aquatics. The aquatic sports carried on by the students
during Commencement week are a very much appreciated feature.
The School possesses three laboratories : the oldest, a labora-
tory for the study of physics and chemistry, gives special atten-
tion to the study of the chemistry of digestion and the mechanics
of the body. Recently two laboratories have been established
in the physical course ; the physiological laboratory, for the study
of the physiology of exercise, is equipped with ergographs,
sphygmographs, sphygnomanometers, pneumographs, etc. Some
progress has been made in the study of blood pressure and the
effects of fatigue. The laboratory for histology is equipped with
microscopes and a solar projection apparatus, which enables the
entire class to do work in common.
The library has become one of the most important features of
the life of the School. No other department of the institution has
increased more rapidly during the past five years. More than
6,000 volumes are contained in the School library and upwards
of 20,000 pamphlets and magazines bearing upon the subjects
taught in the institution.
The School is the custodian of the Historical Library of the
American Young Men's Christian Associations, which is the
largest collection in existence of books, pamphlets, and manu-
scripts bearing especially upon work for young men and boys. It
contains some 40,000 publications. This furnishes to both stu-
dents and faculty sources for extended original study of work for
young men and boys.
The institution also possesses the Gulick Collection of works
on physical training, which is being added to from year to year.
This is one of the choicest collections on physical training in
English, and furnishes opportunity for original work on the part
of the students. The reference library is open to the students at
all times, and the lending section from 9 a. m. to 6 p. m. The
reading room, always open, has on file six dailies, eighteen week-
lies, sixty-five monthlies, and nine quarterlies.
The Charles Stewart Anderson Memorial Library and Pub-
lication Fund: This self-perpetuating endowment of $125, given
by Charles A. Anderson, of New York City, is invested in text
books used by students in the courses in anthropometry. The sale
of these books is in the hands of the librarian of the Training
School. They were purchased at the publishers' lowest discount,
and the proceeds of their sale is to be devoted to the purchase of
literature on anthropometry for the library, and to the publication
of valuable monographs on this subject. The disposal of the earn-
ings of this fund is in the hands of a joint committee, consisting of
the librarian and the instructor in anthropometry.
The Springfield Public Library of 135,000 volumes, one of the
great circulating libraries of the country, is at the service of the
students without expense.
The School is located in the Connecticut Valley in one of the
most beautiful American cities, in close touch with some of the
leading educational institutions of the new world.
In no part of the world are there so many highly developed
Young Men's Christian Associations as in the eastern section of
the United States. The proximity of New York City with its
varied work for young men, international, state, and local, fur-
nishes an opportunity to see all forms of Association work in
operation. The annual tour by the Senior class, the frequent
visits of Association leaders, attendance upon conventions and
conferences, bring the student during the three years of his
course into vital touch with the most aggressive phases of the
Association movement. The New England Secretaries' Confer-
ence meets biennially at the Training School, and opportunities
occur each year for attending conventions. Through the Massa-
chusetts state committee, the students are frequently invited to
take part in deputation days. The churches of Springfield gladly
welcome the services of the students in Bible teaching, and in
various forms of Christian work.
The summer conferences at Northfield are within easy reach to
students. The Training School stands for the most thorough prac-
tical as well as theoretical training. The opportunities for partici-
pating in the various phases of work for young men and boys are
abundant. Springfield is a city of 65,000 inhabitants, and is well
equipped "Assoeiationally." The Central Building, at State and
Dwight Streets, is the $135,000 home of the Central Branch. This
has 1,200 members and furnishes abundant opportunity to study a
modern plant doing a widely extended work along all lines for the
city young man. The boys' department has 320 members. The
Sunday afternoon meetings for men and boys command large
audiences. Shop Bible classes are in successful operation. Educa-
tional work and Bible study departments are also well sustained.
The Springfield Railroad Branch, the second oldest in New Eng-
land, occupies a fine suite of rooms equipped with parlors, reading
rooms, social rooms, bathing facilities and dormitory. A new
building, costing $15,000, will shortly be opened. Here a thor-
oughly aggressive work for the 1,000 men employed on the
three railroads centering in Springfield is maintained. At the
Round House in Merrick, on the West side of the Connecticut
river, is the third branch of the Springfield Association. This is
the oldest railroad work in New England, and conducts its work
in the midst of the homes of railway employees, of whom there
are more than 1,000 living adjacent to the present limited quar-
ters. Committees of management administer the details of each
branch, while the Board of Directors determine the general policy
of the work, provide for the financial needs, and look after prop-
erty interests. The total membership of branches, auxiliaries, sus-
taining members, etc., exceeds 2,200. At the Training School a
Student Association has been organized as a branch of the Spring-
field Association. An extensive work is carried on among boys by
the students. During the past year an aggressive college Associa-
tion in the French-American College has been affiliated.
The Holyoke Association has one of the finest buildings and
gymnasiums in Western Massachusetts, and has a membership of
nearly 800. Large educational and Bible study work is main-
tained, and Sunday meetings are now run on a strictly evangelistic
basis and are successful. The boys' department maintains a
secretary, the most modern methods being employed. Seventy-
five men serve on committees. Aggressive work is being con-
ducted for men in the mills and factories.
The Westfield Association was founded in 1888 and incor-
porated in 1891. The present membership is 207. A largely im-
proved work is being done, because of the addition recently of a
finely equipped gymnasium and bowling alleys.
The students and faculty, through prayer meetings, chapel ex-
ercises, and the study of the Bible, strive to maintain an earnest,
religious life in the institution. The week of prayer for young
men in November, and the day of prayer for colleges, are ob-
served. Speakers of special power in inspiring students are in-
vited from time to time to visit the School. There is a spirit of
mutual helpfulness and brotherliness among the young men which
is a means of real religious training.
The Association Seminar
This publication aims to give an independent, up-to-date, scien-
tific treatment of the problems of young manhood — spiritual,
social, intellectual and physical. It publishes the original work
which is being done by faculty and students. Problems of interest
and importance in the Association are considered from the educa-
tional standpoint — such contributions regarding Association
events, outlook, policy, and problems as would naturally come
from an educational center. The Seminar also contains Training
School notes. It records what is going on at the institution and
among the alumni, and aims to keep all those who are interested
in touch with the School.
The subscription price is $1.00. The editor in chief is Dr. F. N.
Seerley, who is assisted by other members of the faculty. The
business manager is Miss Isabel A. Richardson.
SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR
SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR
P. Tr. Hist.
Phy. of Ex.
Phil, of Ph.
The curriculum falls into two divisions : I. The General Course, em-
bracing studies which underlie the work of an Association officer, and
which are pursued by all students. This course aims to study principles,
and also to study the habits, characteristics, and lives of young men and
boys. II. The Technical Courses, which give the knowledge and training
for the particular department of work which the student expects to enter.
These courses prepare for the general secretaryship, the physical director-
ship of Young Men's Christian Associations and schools, the educational
directorship, and the boys' secretaryship.
I. General Course
L. L. Doggett, President; History and Literature of the Young Men's
F. N. Seerley ; Psychology, and Personal Work.
H. M. Burr; Christian History.
W. G. Ballantine; The Bible.
W. W. Nigh ; English.
The general course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, seeks
to fit students to be leaders in spiritual work. It seeks to train each stu-
dent to lead young men to Jesus Christ, and to teach the Bible. It aims
to acquaint him with the Young Men's Christian Association and its field.
It also seeks to broaden his intellectual horizon, to promote mental dis-
cipline, and to familiarize him with the problems which a leader in Chris-
tian work will meet in practical life. It falls into eight divisions: I. Bib-
lical Course. 2. Historical Course. 3. Psychology. 4. The Principles of
Religious Education. 5. The Problems of a Twentieth Century City.
6. Course in English. 7. Conventions and Lectures. 8. Graduate Course.
All students in the Junior and Middle years take the course in the gym-
nasium and on the field, described on pages 48 and 50. All students also
take the course in physical department methods, described on page 55.
1. Biblical Course
(1) The Bible. (Dr. Ballantine. Middle and Senior years, five hours
per week.) An essential of spiritual leadership is a knowledge of the
Scriptures. This is fundamental in the preparation for any position in the
Association. It is the aim of the institution that every student who enters
its ranks shall gain a knowledge of the Bible, and it is believed that the
course here offered will prove attractive, not only to men who are pre-
paring, but to men already in the service who may desire a course of
special Bible study. Two years are devoted to a study of the text, one
being given to the Old Testament and one to the New Testament. The
student is expected to read each book in accordance with the directions of
the instructor, to recite upon its facts and ideas in the class room, and to
take notes of familiar lectures upon it. There are no formal lectures
upon Biblical introduction and theology, but the topics commonly treated
under those heads are incidentally brought to the student's attention while
he is engaged upon the several books inductively. By the method used, the
student gains from his own investigations a direct and comprehensive
knowledge of each book in the Bible and of each Testament as a whole.
The main outline of the progress of Hebrew civilization and history, and
of divine revelation, are fixed in his mind. He attains a knowledge not of
proof texts, but of connected series of events and inspired arguments, and
chains of thought. In the unity of a total impression, the strength of every
part is assured.
In this way not only are the contents of the Scriptures mastered, but the
mind is trained in the preparation of gospel addresses, etc., and the inner
spiritual life is quickened through the truth. It will be readily seen that
this course does not aim to give courses that can be reproduced in the local
Associations, but to give a comprehensive study of the entire body of the
Scriptures, which will enable the student to lay out courses himself as may
be necessary and equip him to be a teacher of the Bible. The attention of
students desiring to fit themselves for instructors in the English Bible in
colleges and schools is called to this course. It is believed to be unsur-
passed in the thorough mastery it gives of the contents of the Scriptures.
(2) The Training Classes and Methods of Christian Work. (Dr.
Doggett, Junior and Senior years, one hour per week. Dr. Seerley, Middle
year, one hour per week.) These classes have an intimate relation to the
practical Christian work of the students during their entire course. The
Junior year is devoted to the study of methods for dealing with individuals.
The great questions of regeneration and the use of the Bible with the
unsaved form the subject matter of this study. During the Middle year,
the class studies the interviews of Jesus. This course accompanies the
study of pedagogy, and is a study of the laws of mind as used by Jesus in
his dealing with men. In the Senior year this hour is devoted to the study
of the use of the Bible in public. Attention is given to the preparation of
gospel addresses. Bible studies, and the best methods of teaching Bible
2. Historical Course
(1) The History of Christianity and Christian Civilisation. (Mr.
Burr, Junior year, five hours per week.) It is the aim of this course to
familiarize the student with the great movements in the development of
Christianity and Christian civilization. The first term is devoted to the
study of the early and medieval Christianity, the second term to the
Reformation and the Protestant movement in Europe, and the third term
to the movement in America and the history of missions.
The work is carried on by lectures, carefully prepared courses of read-
ing, and text books for special periods and topics. Special emphasis is laid
on the courses of reading and topical study, so that the student becomes
familiar with the masterpieces of historical literature. Recent additions to
the department of history in the School library facilitate the work of this
Students are expected to own "The History of the Christian Church,"
by Professor Fisher.
(2) Association History and Literature. (Dr. Doggett, Middle year,
three hours per week.) The aim of this course is to acquaint all students
with the history and development of this great movement. Careful atten-
tion is given to the forces in the church, and the conditions of social life
which made such a movement necessary. The Association is studied, not
as a local or national, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period,
1844 to 1855, especial attention is given to the London work and its forma-
tive influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leader-
ship of the American work requires especial attention to the movement
on this continent. In the third period, 1878 to the present time, more atten-
tion is given to the spread of the movement throughout the world. This
course studies the development of the Association, its organization and
polity, its literature, and the fixed principles which govern its operation
and its relation to the church.
Students are expected to read and review the more important works
which the leaders of the Young Men's Christian Association have produced.
3. Course in Psychology
(Dr. Seerley, Middle year, three terms, five hours per week.) This
course occupies a full year, and is taken by all Middlers. The human
mind is complex, and the aim is to study it from many view points, keep-
ing constantly in mind the work for which the student is preparing.
(1) Physiological Psychology. The course opens with a study of the
nervous system. The brains of animals are dissected so the student may
become acquainted with every part, and also demonstrate their relations.
Sections of the entire human brain are available which have proven very
helpful in studying the gross structure. The microscopes and micro-pro-
jection apparatus enable the student to study, the minute structure of
every part as revealed in the many variously prepared and stained micro-
scopic slides of the central nervous system. This is followed by a study
of the special senses, their rise and development, their structure, their func-
tion, and their localized culture in the central nervous system. A large
number of laboratory experiments fixes the range of each special sense, as
well as calls attention to the many illusions which are liable to occur. The
modern theory of localization of brain centres receives careful attention,
with the latest applications.
(2) Genetic Psychology. A course in the psychology of the child with
special reference to the laws of mental development. The seminary
method is largely used, and each student is assigned special work which
is later presented to the class. This gives him the practice of searching
for information from original sources, and teaches him the method of pre-
senting scientific data. The distribution of the subjects is largely gov-
erned by the line of work for which each man is being prepared. If he is
to become a boys' secretary, such topics are assigned as will make him best
acquainted with boy life. This is also true of students who are to become
physical directors and general secretaries.
The human instincts receive careful attention under this head. A few
are named to show the value of the work, but not to indicate the scope of
it Each is studied as to genesis in the animal world, relation to the strug-
gle for existence, modifications as the scale of life is ascended, value in the
development of manhood if properly used, and danger if improperly de-
veloped or left undeveloped : fear, the fighting instinct, anger, plays,
hunting, the gang instinct, sex instinct, hero worship, imitation, the paren-
tal instinct, and others.
Under the head of the sex instinct, the subject of "personal purity"
from the psychological standpoint is carefully considered, and each student
learns to present this subject to an audience of men or boys, as well as how
to deal with the individual who has become addicted to unfortunate habits.
Heredity and degeneracy are also given an important place in this
study. Attention is given to the introduction of disease, the use of alco-
holic stimulants, the lack of proper food, etc., with their effects upon the
child. An attempt is made to trace the dominating characteristics of the
boy life during different periods of his development, so that treatment of
him may be intelligent and helpful at all times.
(3) General Psychology. Under this head are studied consciousness
and the self; attention and habit; the intellect, including sensation, percep-
tion, conception, apperception, and such complex mental processes as
memory, imagination, judgment, thought and reasoning; the sensibilities,
including the emotions, the affections and the desires, and volition or the
(4) Psychic Phenomena. Under this head are treated suggestion,
sleep, hypnosis, alterations of personality, dreams, hallucinations and illu-
sions, and as far as possible are discovered the laws underlying the dif-
ferent systems of "faith cure."
4. The Principles of Religious Education
(Mr. Burr, Senior year, one term, five hours per week.) No teacher is
fully equipped for his work without a special study of the principles and
methods of education. No religious leader is fully equipped for his work
without a special study of the application of these principles and methods
to religious education. This is particularly true of the leader in Associa-
tion work. To develop the moral and religious life is the goal of all its
educative work. Education prepares the way for conversion, and con-
version should be the normal culmination of our educational work.
i. Great Educational Leaders. 2. Fundamental Principles of Education.
3. The Special Problems of Religious Education. 4. Types of Religious
Education. Recent Literature. 5. The Young Men's Christian Association
and Religious Education.
5. The Problems of a Twentieth Century City
(Mr. Burr, Senior year, one term, five hours per week.) Cities are
the strategic points of our modern civilization. In the cities are massed,
not merely the most powerful economic and political forces, but also the
most powerful ethical and educational forces. So far as we can see an ever
increasing proportion of our population will live in cities. Hence the
problems of the city are, like the poor, likely to be always with us, and we
must face them as best we may.
The Young Men's Christian Association is itself a product of city life.
It is an organized attempt on the part of the church to meet one of the
most pressing needs of city life, — a social center for young men, where all
wholesome and educative influences should be massed attractively and
It is becoming evident that the secretaries and directors of the Asso-
ciation must be sociological experts. In studying the lives of young men
they will become so perforce. As a matter of fact, they constitute a natural
bureau of information as to all the forces and conditions of city life which
affect young men. In some of our largest and most effective Associations
the secretaries are becoming recognized experts on municipal sociology,
both to the benefit of the city and their own work.
In order to meet this growing demand of our work, a term of study is
being devoted to municipal sociology in, or the problems of, a "Twentieth
Syllabus of Course in Municipal Sociology
I. Introduction. The city in its relation to civilization.
II. History. Ancient and medieval cities. Their relation to political,
social, and economic progress.
III. Growth of Modern Cities. Causes and consequences of rapid urban-
ization. Statistics, composition and distribution, or race and oc-
IV. Special Problems.
(i) City charters. (2) Relation of city and state. (3) The mayor, —
qualifications, term of office, powers. (4) The composition and duties of
the council. (5) The organization and control of departments. (6) Fi-
nances, — methods of taxation, appropriations, uniform systems of ac-
counting. (7) The granting of franchises, — duration, resumption. (8)
Control of quasi-public corporations, such as the telegraph, telephone, ex-
press, gas and electric light, and street railway companies.
(1) The housing problem, — tenements, overcrowding, plumbing,
inspection, model tenements. "Philanthropy and Five Per Cent." (2)
Streets, — cleaning, beautifying, regulation of use. (3) Parks, playgrounds,
public baths, recreation piers, etc. (4) The control and prevention of dis-
ease. The board of health, sanitary police, etc.
(1) The prevention and punishment of crime. The organization
and control of the police. (2) The liquor traffic and the saloon. License
or prohibition? Suppression or substitution? (3) Prostitution, — causes,
consequences, methods of suppression or control. (4) Amusements, —
theaters, dance halls, circuses, games. Extent of municipal responsibility.
(5) Indecent pictures and literature, gambling, etc.
(1) Care of dependents, — orphans, paupers, etc. (2) Care of de-
fectives, — idiots, insane, etc. (3) Care of delinquents, — young criminals.
Juvenile courts. Reform schools.
(1) Aim of public education. (2) Courses of study, — nature and
extent. (3) Control. Laws. School board and officers. (4) Teachers, —
qualifications, character, sex, religious relation, salaries, pensions, etc.
(5) School extension, — wider utilization of school buildings, vacation
schools, municipal lectures, concerts, etc.
V. Municipal Progress and Public Ownership of Public Utilities.
VI. Unofficial Agencies for Municipal Betterment.
(1) The church, especially the institutional church. (2) The
Young Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations. (3) University
and Social Settlements. (4) Municipal and Civic Leagues. (5) Some
corporations (National Cash Register).
6. Course in English
(Mr. Nigh, Junior year, five hours per week.) The ability to use the
English language is of the utmost importance. Few men achieve such ex-
cellence in English but that they covet the opportunity for further study.
Throughout the course students are required to present papers and essays
in different branches, which are revised and criticised by instructors. In
the Junior year, five hours weekly are given to the study of English, and to
Particular attention is given to public speaking in connection with the
Literary Societies. These Societies meet weekly through the year.
7. Conventions and Lectures
(1) Conventions. The School aims, through conventions and con-
ferences, to bring the students into touch with the current affairs of the
Association. The state conventions of Massachusetts and Connecticut are
frequently attended by delegations of the students, and opportunity often
arises for students to attend the New York state convention.
During March the New England Secretaries' Conference holds its ses-
sion for three days at the School dormitory. This conference brings
together the employed officers of the six New England states. The
visitors lodge in the dormitory and are the guests of the students. This
gathering furnishes an excellent opportunity to come in touch with present-
day Association affairs.
(2) Lectures. One of the most helpful means of keeping in touch with
the active work of the Association is found in the lectures which from
time to time are given by Association leaders and others. Following the
list of the instructors, on page 9, are the names of the special lecturers
and secretarial visitors for the current year. During the three years'
course, including the senior tour, the student listens to presentations by
about one hundred different Association leaders. The past year the fol-
lowing addresses among others have been delivered : —
Dr. Newell Dwight Hillis, "Oliver Cromwell."
Fred S. Goodman, "The Organization of Religious Work."
C. C. Michener, "Personal Work."
Richard C. Morse, "Association Polity."
C. K. Ober, "Foreign Work."
L. Wilbur Messer, "Religious Education," and "Association Polity."
J. W. Cook, "Social Work."
George B. Hodge, "Educational Work."
Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, "Physical Training in a Great City."
Dr. George L. Meylan, "The College Physical Directorship."
Dr. D. A. Sargent, "Review of Physical Training During the Past
Rev. William Byron Forbush, "The Religious Education of Boys."
Professor H. C. King, "Hidden Temptations."
Arthur Tibbetts, "Indian Work."
Fred M. Hill, "County Work."
M. G. Baily, "Army Work."
Louis Hieb, "Ceylon."
A. B. Williams, "Northfield Student Work."
F. M. Pratt, 'The Canadian Work."
Dr. Geo. J. Fisher, "The Young Men's Christian Association Physical
William Orr, Jr., "Physical Training in the Public High School."
8. Graduate Course
Graduates of the School, or those having done equivalent work else-
where, will be allowed to pursue advanced work under one of the instruc-
tors. The course must be laid out at the beginning of the year and ap-
proved by the president. It will involve a major theme with minor allied
courses. The aim shall be in each case to do work of an original character.
This work shall be embodied in a thesis, two copies of which, bound in
cloth, must be presented to the School. By vote of the faculty, students
completing this course will be recommended to the trustees for a diploma.
One student in the Bible department and four in the physical department
have taken this course.
II. Technical Courses
During the Junior year students pursue chiefly the general course, but
from that time on, while a part of the time of each day is occupied with the
general course, an increasing proportion of the student's time is put into
special technical study in the department to which he intends to devote his
life. These courses have been worked out with great care, and are adapted
from year to year to the growing demand of the Young Men's Christian
1. The Secretarial Course
L. L. Doggett, President ; Secretarial Seminar.
J. T. Bowne; Secretarial Methods.
F. N. Seerley; Physiology.
H. M. Burr; Sociology, and Philosophy of Education.
Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett; English Literature.
W. W. Nigh ; English.
J. H. McCurdy ; Physical Department Methods.
Special Lectures on Methods
The secretarial course is the result of eighteen years of experience and
testing. It is adapted to teach the student both the science and the art of
Students wishing to prepare for the secretaryship of railroad Associa-
tions will follow this course, and will be assigned work bearing particularly
upon the department to which they are to devote their lives. The two
railroad Associations of Springfield and the School library furnish an
opportunity for this purpose.
Students wishing to fit for the religious work directorship will follow
the regular secretarial course, and be assigned special work bearing upon
this department, particularly in the preparation of a thesis. The same plan
will be followed for men wishing to prepare for any of the various lines
of secretarial work. The past year four students have been fitting for
work among colored young men, one for naval work, and five for work
among young men in foreign lands.
This course is arranged in recognition of the unity of man's threefold
nature, with the conviction that the religion of Jesus Christ is adapted to
redeem man in his entirety — body, mind and spirit.
(Dr. Seerley, Junior year, five hours per week.) This study begins
with a course of lectures, calculated to show man's place in the universe,
including the unorganized and organized world, and to put him into rela-
tion with these.
A study of the body is then begun with the most simple analysis into
trunk, limbs, head, and all that can be readily observed.
This naturally leads to the study of the mechanics of the body. Then,
by means of dissection of animals in the laboratory, the different systems
making up the body (muscular, osseous, nervous, etc.,) and organs associ-
ated in forming the apparatuses (circulatory, digestive, respiratory, repro-
ductive, etc.) are. discovered.
The student then picks out the muscles and names them, assisted by
charts, demonstrations and experiments; the bones, naming and classify-
ing them, aided by the skeleton. Bone, muscle, nerve, etc., are then studied
as regards function, structure and relations.
In the same way every organ composing the several apparatuses is
minutely studied till a complete analysis results.
The student then collects and combines all the physiological properties
possessed by all the tissues, and discovers that the original cell, from
which developed this complex structure by the process of differentiation,
possessed all these powers.
A study of the growth and development of the body then naturally fol-
lows. Careful study is then given to the external and internal condi-
tions which tend to promote health in this complex structure, as well as
the best thing to do in case an injury should occur to any part of it.
The Young Men's Christian Association
The course in secretarial methods is under the direction of Mr. J. T.
Bowne. An instruction in fundamental principles, Association organization,
business management, and the office and work of a general secretary, is
given by him. Methods, however, in this department are a constantly
changing subject, and it is part of the plan in the presentation of this course
to secure the cooperation of the leading specialists of the country in various
departments. For the year 1903-04, courses of lectures have been arranged
as follows: —
F. S. Goodman, New York, four lectures, "The Organization of Religious
F. B. Smith, New York, three lectures, "Religious Meetings."
William Knowles Cooper, Springfield, Mass., eight lectures, "The Per-
sonal Life of the Secretary," "Methods of Religious Work," and "Bible
J. W. Cook, New York, two lectures, "The Social Work."
E. M. Robinson, New York, and Harvey L. Smith, New Haven, Conn.,
four lectures each, "Work for Boys."
Geo. B. Hodge, New York, five lectures, "The Educational Department."
C. K. Ober, New York, four lectures, "The Foreign Work."
Frank Mahan, Lynn, Mass., "Financial Solicitation."
The Senior trip and the New England Secretaries' Conference are
features of the study in methods.
Mr. Bowne, Senior year, four hours per week.
(1) The Field and its Limits. The work, why needed. A definite
work by and for young men. The aim distinctively religious. Relation to
the church. Relation to other religious societies.
(2) The Organization. When and how to organize. The constitu-
tion. Branches and sub-organizations. The directors and officers.
(3) The Membership. Classes. How to secure members. The mem-
bership committee. How to retain members. Development of active
members. The associate membership and its relations.
(4) The General Secretary. His relation to churches and pastors, to
officers, directors and committees, to other employees, to the business
community, to his fellow secretaries. Accepting a call. Beginning work.
Correspondence. System. Statistics. Studying human nature. Dress.
Conversation. Economy. Health. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and
socially. Securing and training employed officers — demand and supply,
methods of training.
(5) The Association Home. Advantages of owning a building, loca-
tion, arrangement, construction, equipment. The care of the home —
repairs and safety, order and cleanliness. How to get a building — prepara-
tory work, the canvass, cautions. The building movement — its beginning
(6) The Business Management. Current finances — the annual bud-
get, income, solicitation, collection and disbursement, financial booking.
Real estate and endowment funds — incorporation, trustees, endowment,
debt, taxes, insurance, leases. Records and advertising — recording statis-
tics, anniversaries, parlor conferences, printed matter, the bulletin, annual
(7) The Religious Department. The Bible in Association Work: In-
dividual study — objects, methods and helps; class study — a Bible class in-
dispensable, relation of the general secretary, beginners', advanced and
training classes, true place and appliances, the teacher, the class, the topics,
preparing the lesson, teaching the lesson. Practical work with the uncon-
verted — personal work, the evangelistic Bible class, the Bible in the evan-
gelistic meeting. Bible readings. Religious meetings, etc. — the evangelistic
meeting, other meetings at the rooms; meetings outside the rooms — in
boarding houses, in public institutions ; sermons to young men ; distribution
of religious reading matter; the invitation committee.
(8) The Educational Department. The reading room — furniture,
supervision, papers and periodicals. The library — its importance and place
in the Association, how to* develop, apartments and furniture, management,
selecting and buying books, classification, cataloguing, shelf listing, bind-
ing and repairing, advertising, registration and charging, reference books,
courses of reading, aids to readers. Educational classes — the need,
branches taught, adaptation, thoroughness, frequency of sessions, instruc-
tors' class rooms, examinations. Literary societies, etc. — value, various
forms of organization and work, how supervised. Lectures and talks — the
use and abuse of lectures, home talent, practical talks. The educational
director — qualifications, work and relationships.
(9) The Physical Department. (Dr. McCurdy.) Aim of the depart-
ment — health, education, recreation. Conditions under which a physical de-
partment should be organized. Scientific equipment and methods — exam-
inations, statistics, prescription of exercise. Practical equipment and
methods — location and arrangement of gymnasium, bath and dressing
rooms, outfit, methods. Outdoor work. The physical director. The de-
Note. For extensions of the theory and practice of physical work, see
(10) The Social Department. The reception committee. The social
rooms. Social entertainments.
(11) The Department of Information and Relief. Boarding houses.
Employment bureau. Savings bureau. Benefit fund. Visiting the sick.
Destitute young men.
(12) The Boys' Department. Necessity, aim and benefit. Organiza-
tion and relationships. Different classes of boys. Supervision. Methods
and agencies — religious, educational, physical and social.
(13) The Work among Special Classes of Men. College students —
history, organization, methods, outgrowths. Railroad men — history, aim
and benefits, organizations and finance,, rooms and methods. Commercial
travelers — the field, work and agencies. Other nationalities and races — the
field, the German work, the colored work, etc. Miscellaneous classes —
soldiers and sailors, mutes, lumbermen, firemen, street car employees, etc.
(14) Women's Work for Young Men. Organization and methods.
(15) State and Provincial Work. The state committee. Finances.
The state secretary. The state convention— preparatory work by the state
committee, preparatory work by the local Association, at the convention.
The district work— the committee, conferences, intervisitation, correspond-
ing members. The relation of the local Association and secretary to the
general work of supervision and extension.
(16) The American International Work. History and organization.
The field. The work — supervision and extension, correspondence, publica-
tion, securing and training employed officers, aid to building enterprises,
aid in securing funds, aid to state and other conventions, help in disaster.
Secretaries of the committee. International finances. International con-
ventions. Day and week of prayer. Work among young men in foreign
lands — policy, relationships, methods.
(17) The World's Alliance. History, organization and work.
(Dr. Doggett.) The object of this course is to study the habits and
lives of young men, to study at first hand the documentary sources of the
Young Men's Christian Association, and to learn the art of original inves-
tigation. Much of the success of the Young Men's Christian Association
of the future will depend upon a scientific study of the habits and lives and
characteristics of young men and boys. We need to know what young
men are thinking about, how much money they earn, how they earn it and
how they spend it, how they spend their leisure time, what is their social
life, what is their religious life, how it should find expression, the tempta-
tions of young men and boys and how to meet them. A rich unworked
field is presented to the student in the many undeveloped themes in Asso-
ciation history and by its unsolved problems.
During the Middle year students in the secretarial and educational
courses study themes akin to their departments. In the Senior year a
thesis is prepared upon a theme agreed upon between the student and one
of the instructors. Students are allowed to prepare a thesis with any of
the instructors in the School. The theses will be examined by a committee
of the faculty consisting of Mr. H. M. Burr, Dr. J. H. McCurdy, and Dr.
L. L. Doggett. The secretarial seminar will be held one evening each
month. At this seminar each student will be expected to present his
thesis for criticism and discussion. Leading Association workers are also
invited from time to> time to address these gatherings. The appointments
for the School year 1903-1904 are as follows : —
L. W. Messer, "Religious Education."
W. B. Forbush, "Religious Education of Boys."
R. C. Morse, "Association Polity."
C. F. W. Cunningham, "Young Men's Christian Association Summer
Camps for Boys."
W. G. Currier, "History of the Woman's Auxiliary Movement in the
T. J. Flanagan, "Method of the Catholic Church in Holding its Men."
R. P. Hamlin, "History of the Young Men's Christian Association
Among Colored Men."
F. T. Hayes, "Sociological Study of a Springfield Ward."
I. A. Laudenslager, "Social Groupings."
W. E. Lewis, "The Relation of the Young Men's Christian Association
to the Industrial Classes."
, E. L. Moraller, "Boarding House Life of Young Men in Springfield."
Herbert Moule, "Membership Campaign."
J. A. Rath, "The Young Men of India."
C. T. Rea, "History and Present Tendencies of the Railroad Young
Men's Christian Association."
H. W. Russell, "The Social Life of the Industrial Men of Springfield."
Heriry Seifert, "History of the Association Effort for German-speaking
Young Men in the United States."
S. L. Smith, "County Young Men's Christian Association Work."
J. W. Stafford, "Sociological Study of the Springfield Young Men's
E. E. Thompson, "A Sociological Study of the Negro in Springfield."
Students in the seminar are expected to devote one hour daily during
the Senior year to research. The historical and physical libraries available
to students make this work of great value. For the first six weeks of the
fall term Dr. Doggett will meet all Seniors once a week for a two-hour
session to study methods of original investigation.
(Mr. Burr, Senior year, two terms, five hours per week.) The aim of
this course is to familiarize the student with the most serious economic
and social problems which he will meet in his work among young men, and
the fundamental economic and social laws which must be recognized in all
(Mr. Burr, Middle year, one term and a half, five hours per week.) The
course combines lectures on the origin and growth of the moral nature and
moral laws, class discussions of ethical problems in practical life and
courses of reading covering such topics as the history of ethical philosophy,
the psychology of ethical feeling, the relation of ethical laws to physical
laws, and the relation of ethics and religion. The aim of the course is to
assist in the construction of a scientific and effective philosophy of conduct.
For new courses in municipal sociology see general course, pages 35
(Mrs. Doggett, Junior year, three terms, three hours per week.) The
work in English and American literature is a study of the great art forms
of literature and their relation to the epochs of national life. This will
include a study of Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Wordsworth, and Tenny-
son, — the characteristics of the age in which they lived, and their relation
to that age. Among the American writers studied are Cotton Mather,
Jonathan Edwards, Daniel Webster, Irving, Emerson, and Hawthorne.
(Mr. Nigh, Middle year, two hours per week.) The work in the ad-
vanced English course is a study of modern explanative and argumentative
composition, with practice in writing and criticism. A brief study of the
newspaper in its relation to the Association, with practice in reporting, in-
terviewing, and editorial writing.
Unusual opportunities are offered for the practical work, and for getting
an inside view of Association management. The Holyoke and Springfield
Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large memberships, fur-
nish every facility to see and participate in the various phases of Associa-
tion activity. Through the Student Association, this service has been de-
veloped into a three years' graded course.
All are given practice in using the library, in preparing reports of com-
mittees, minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers'
copy and proof reading, and are expected to attend each year at least two
Delegations of students are assigned to conduct services for young men
in neighboring towns and villages.
Senior Tour. One of the most helpful experiences is a tour, covering
ten days, of the Associations at Bridgeport, New Haven, Brooklyn,
and New York City. This tour, taken under the direction of one of
the faculty, gives an opportunity to study the actual workings of a large
number of Associations. It is quite different from a convention where
Association topics are discussed. On this tour, by arrangements before-
hand with the employed men of the Associations, from one-half hour to
an hour's interview is held in the office in which the work is carried on.
Last year some twenty different Associations and institutions were visited,
and conferences were held with fifty different employed men on different
phases of Association work. This included twelve directors of Associa-
tion and college gymnasiums, twelve international and state secretaries,
and twenty-six general secretaries of city Associations. The class was
enabled to see the physical work in the gymnasiums of Yale and Columbia
Universities, also in the Knickerbocker Athletic Club.
Physical Training. Every secretary is given a thorough course in
physical training, which continues through the first two years. A com-
plete description of this course is given on pages 48 and 50.
2. Physical Course
J. H. McCurdy; Physiology of Exercise, Gymnastics, Athletics.
W. W. Hastings ; History of Physical Training, Hygiene, Anthropometry,
Massage, Gymnastics, Athletics.
F. N. Seerley ; Anatomy.
Elmer Berry; Physics and Chemistry, Gymnastics, Athletics.
F. A. Henckel; Gymnastics and Athletics.
J. H. Gray; Gymnastics and Athletics.
F. F. Bugbee; Gymnastics and Athletics.
A. E. Metzdorf; Gymnastics and Athletics.
J. H. Scott; Gymnastics and Athletics.
Object. To furnish "normal Christian physical education" to those
preparing to become directors of the physical work of the Young Men's
Christian Associations or colleges.
The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able
to make an intelligent examination of the person who comes to him for ad-
vice; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food,
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and, in general, all those topics which are
related to "living at one's best" ; to put men into the condition of highest
vitality and effectiveness in any line, is his first work. He must take into
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind, and
must understand their mutual effects. He must know how to prescribe
exercise for the diseased who are often sent to him by physicians. He
must be able to make his gymnasium a place of real recreation as well as
of body building.
To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He
must know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of
any physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the funda-
mental relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his
bodily, mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know
what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be
able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs, and other
organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test
men, and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry).
He must know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gym-
nastics sent to him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must
have at his service the experience of those of the past (history, literature,
philosophy of physical training). He must be perfectly familiar with all
the work which he is to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics,
games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the management
of the physical department of the institution with which he will probably
be connected (physical department of a Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation). Each student prepares a working bibliography of the subjects in
the course. Instruction is given in bibliographical methods.
This course includes, in addition to instruction in the regular physical
training branches, a carefully outlined course in normal teaching. The
normal practice commences in the Junior year and is continued through
the three years for students in the physical course, and through two years
for secretarial students. This work is divided into two parts: first, that
in the School itself; second, that in the surrounding Associations and
clubs. The School normal practice is under the direct supervision of the
instructors and occurs daily; for example, the Junior class in marching is
divided into two squads with a teacher in the direction of each squad.
This pedagogical practice occurs daily in addition to the course of lec-
tures on gymnastic pedagogy. A recitation course in gymnastic nomencla-
ture and athletic rules is given in connection with each year's floor and
The normal practice outside the School divides itself into three heads :
First, those who are physical directors or assistants. Thirteen men are this
year receiving this practice, and in addition are earning the whole or a
part of their expenses. Second, those who are regular coaches in foot
ball, basket ball and hockey. Six such positions have been filled this
year. In addition to this, practice is given in officiating at games, such as
foot ball, basket ball, etc.
The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to
the average man in the Associations. Muscular strength and coordination
are to be developed only so far as they increase vitality.
Every subject throughout the course is studied and practiced from the
standpoint of its usefulness as a physical or moral agent in the peculiar
conditions obtaining in the Young Men's Christian Associations. Class
rather than individual work, accordingly, is emphasized, and the elements
of recreation and moral discipline are striven for. The work done in the
Associations is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for the new
movement rather than for the old. The progression in gymnastics, athlet-
ics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thoroughness.
The fall course in athletics consists of events which can be done on
any level field with little expense for the preparation of the grounds. It is
believed many Associations refrain from taking up athletics because they
do not know of the excellent sports which require little apparatus.
This course includes field evolution with calisthenics, hare and hound
chases, cross country runs, foot ball, minton and field hockey.
The spring athletic course takes up track and field events. Each stu-
dent is taught the standard events and the best methods of coaching for
The track events which are emphasized are the 100, 220, 440, 880-yard
dash, the mile run and hurdling. The field events are pole vaulting,
high jumping, broad jumping, shot putting, and hammer throwing. In-
struction is given during the spring in base ball and golf.
Physical instruction indoors progresses along the following lines : Class
evolutions, calisthenics, games, apparatus exercises, and indoor athletics.
In class evolutions, the marching system by Mr. G. A. Cornell forms the
basis for work.
Calisthenics are taught, first, by giving the principal positions derived
from the fundamental standing position and, second, by standard drills
with dumb-bells, wands, bar bells, and Indian clubs.
In games, basket ball and volley ball receive due attention; also such
gymnastic games as circle ball, three-deep, hand wrestling, Indian wrest-
In apparatus exercises, instruction is given on the horizontal bar,
parallel bars, German horse, traveling rings, and pulley weights.
Location. There is no part of the country where athletics are more
fostered, where the college athletic teams are better trained, or where the
local Young Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their
physical work than in New England.
The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gym-
nasiums during their course : The Association Gymnasiums at Worcester,
Boston, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York, — 23d Street, Harlem,
Brooklyn. College Gymnasiums — Harvard, Amherst, Yale, Columbia.
Athletic Clubs— Boston Athletic Club, New York Athletic Club.
Schools of Gymnastics — Boston Normal, Harvard, New Haven Normal
Nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained
with so little expenditure of time and money.
The fine building and gymnasium of the local Association afford illus-
tration of a model work.
The location of the School upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excellent
opportunity for training in aquatics. The school possesses a good fleet
of boats for this purpose.
(1) Physics. (Mr. Berry, one term, three hours per week.) The
work in physics is conducted as far as possible upon laboratory methods,
the object of the course being: —
To cultivate correct habits of thought and observation and to develop
the true scientific spirit.
To form a groundwork for the understanding of and research in sub-
sequent studies — bodily mechanics, physiology of exercise, etc.
The course consists of lectures, recitations and experiments, and in-
cludes mechanics, dynamics, and molecular physics, considering the most
important phenomena of matter — solid, liquid, gaseous — force, heat, mag-
netism and electricity. The text book used is Wentworth and Hill's A
Text Book of Physics.
(2) Chemistry. (Mr. Berry, two terms, two hours per week.) In-
struction in chemistry includes theory and practice. A large share of the
work consists in laboratory exercises, intended to develop skill in use of
apparatus, to give a practical working knowledge of representative ele-
ments and their compounds, an insight into the nature of chemical phe-
nomena, and especially the power to learn of nature by observation and
experiment. The course is divided into two parts : —
(a) General inorganic chemistry, which treats mainly of such elements
as are essential to the understanding of (b).
(b) Organic chemistry, which consists of a series of illustrative experi-
ments, based upon the course in Harvard Medical School, and endeavors
to give the student a knowledge of the chemistry of foods, digestion,
growth, metabolism, respiration, etc. The text book used is Long's Gen-
(3) Anatomy. (Dr. Seerley, three terms, four hours per week.)
Gross anatomy of the body and its parts. The body as a machine. This
includes a study of the bones, articulations, muscles, muscle insertions,
leverage, and of the combined action of muscles and mechanism of bodily
movements, with special application to the movements of the fluids of the
body, e. g., blood and lymph. Demonstration on individuals, of muscular
origin, insertion and action with reference to erect carriage of the body.
Microscopic anatomy of the organs of the body. Histology — a study of the
microscopic structure of every part of the body. Based upon the fact that
"function makes structure," the student secures a wide knowledge of the
fundamental functions by knowing the fundamental structures. The stu-
dent also makes sections for himself, thus becoming acquainted with the
laboratory method of investigation.
(Messrs. Berry, Henckel and Gray, three terms, two hours per
day.) The Junior physical work is the same for all students.
(1) Field. Instruction is given in field athletics, standing broad and
running high jumps, shot putting, pole vaulting, running, base ball
(batting, base running, fielding, and team practice), foot ball (ball passing,
instruction in different positions, falling on the ball, and team practice),
minton, field hockey, and cross country running.
(2) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in plain marching, special at-
tention being paid to the best formations for handling large classes.
Maze running receives attention during this year. After a study of the
typical gymnastic positions in calisthenic exercises, sample drills are
taught with dumb-bells, heavy Indian clubs, pulley weights and elementary
exercises on the heavy apparatus. Emphasis is laid on the hygienic work,
which permits large classes to be handled effectively. Indoor athletics are
taught during April.
(3) Aquatics. Swimming and diving are taught.
(1) Physiology. (Dr. McCurdy, two terms, five hours per week.)
Text Books : Foster, Text Book of Physiology ; Stewart, Manual of
Physiology with Practical Exercises. Collateral Reading: Schafer, Text
Book of Physiology.
The instruction consists of recitations, lectures and laboratory work.
The view-point of the course is towards physiology of exercise, personal
hygiene and general massage rather than medicine; for example, the les-
son of the morning is on arterial pressure : the teacher, after questioning
the class on the material for the day, strives to make clear the obscure
points. This is followed by blood pressure tests of different members of
the class during some types of exercise.
(2) Physiology of Nutrition, (Dr. Hastings, one term.) Including
digestion, absorption, excretion, metabolism, and dietetics. Under the last
head will be treated, — foods and dietaries, sources, value, digestibility,
etc. ; stimulus and narcotics ; training table diet. Text books for dietetics :
Hutchinson's Food and Dietetics, and Thompson's Practical Dietetics.
(3) History and Literature of Physical Training. (Dr. Hastings, three
terms, two hours per week.) Each student in this course will select some
subject, make a study of it during the year and write a short paper. Dr.
Hastings will give the following lectures : —
(a) Greek Period. Ancient funeral games, their extent, range and
significance. The funeral games over Patroclus ; also other references to
sport found in the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer. The place of the
athletic games as related to Greek history. Historical development of the
Olympic games ; their leading characteristics, — individual not group. The
prize and honor system, and its effect upon the games. The rise and effect
of professionalism. Greek ideas of exercise as related to health and edu-
Funeral games among the Romans, the rise of the Ludi Gladiatori, and
the gladiatorial combat. Place, influence, and the extent of the Roman
games. The Roman baths. Physical training of the Roman army.
(b) Medieval Period. Estimate placed upon the body by the Latin
Fathers of the church. The divorce between the natural and the spiritual.
Early sports among the Germans as reported by Tacitus. The rise of
chivalry. The knightly tournaments of the Middle Ages, — their place, con-
duct and influence.
(c) The Dawn of the Modern Period. Mecurialis, his book "De
arte Gymnastica," and the medieval physicians. Place, work, and influence
on physical training of Mulcaster, Locke, Rabelais, Luther, Milton, Fuller,
The Emile — J. J. Rousseau. The influence of Rousseau on, and the
relationship between, Basedow, Salzmann, Vieth, Guts Muths, Nachtegall,
Jahn, Ling, Beck, Lieber. The influence and life of Guts Muths, Vieth and
Nachtegall, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn.
(d) The Modem Period. The development and characteristics of the
German Turners, — their service in the Thirty Years' War. The organiza-
tion and conduct of the Turnerbund. The present Turnerschaft, its ex-
tent, organization and conduct. H. P. Ling and the fundamental charac-
teristics of the Swedish gymnastics. "The Day's Order" and the "Gym-
nastic Progression." Colonel Amoros, and the movement in France. The
revival of interest. The new Olympic games. Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
Place and influence of Delsarte. Play among the Anglo-Saxons. Early
sport in England. The development and influence of group games, as
shown by foot ball. Athletics in the universities and preparatory schools
of England. Early history of foot ball, cricket, golf, lawn tennis.
(e) The American Movement. The first interest in physical training,
Capt. Partridge. The school at Round Hill, Harvard, Yale. The early
manual training movement in schools. Life and influence of Dio Lewis.
The new movement at Amherst, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Mount Hol-
yoke. The North American Gymnastic Union. Swedish gymnastics in
America. Normal schools of physical training. The American Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Physical Education. The leaders in physical
training in America — Edward Hitchcock, D. A. Sargent, E. M. Hartwell,
and others. The early physical training movement in the Associations.
The early physical directors — Wm. Wood, Robert J. Roberts, Luther
Gulick, and their influence. The Summer Schools and Physical Directors'
Conferences. The Pentathlon. The Indoor Test. The Athletic League.
The Training Schools. Physical training papers in English — Physical
Education Review, Mind and Body, Gymnastic and Athletic Review,
Physical Education, The Gymnasium. The Physical Department of the
(1) Field. (Dr. Hastings, Messrs. Metzdorf and Bugbee, three terms,
two hours per day.) Students are taught tennis, foot ball (punting,
place, and drop kicking, tackling bag and team practice), and golf. In-
struction is given in sprinting, hurdling, middle distance running, hop, step
and jump, broad and high jumping, pole vaulting, and hammer throwing.
(2) Gymnasium. The class continues the practice of marching begun
in the Junior year, supplementing it with fancy marching. The wands, bar
bells, and Indian clubs receive special attention. Intermediate exercises
on the heavy apparatus consist of exercises adapted for leaders and classes
in the intermediate grade. The athletic side of gymnastics is pushed, i. e.,
those exercises which require strong legs and trunk rather than those
which demand large arms and shoulders. The methods of running group
contests are taught during this year.
(i) Physiology of Exercise. (Dr. McCurdy, one term, five hours
This course consists of lectures, laboratory work and recitations upon
assigned subjects. The material for the lecture and recitation course is
covered in part by the following books and periodicals : Lagrange, The
Physiology of Bodily Exercise; Treves, Physical Education; Mosso, Life
of Man in the High Alps; Kolb, The Physiology of the Maximum of
Sport; The Journal of Physiology (English); The American Journal of
Physiology; die Centralblatt fur Physiologic The laboratory section is
made possible by the gifts of alumni and friends. This course includes in-
struction in the technique of the sphygmograph, sphygmomanometer, pneu-
mograph and ergograph. The major portion of the experimental work at
present consists of studies of the effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill,
and endurance on circulation, muscle and nerve. The instruments used are
of the same pattern as the new ones recently introduced into the physio-
logical laboratory of the Harvard Medical School. In addition to these,
others have been constructed by the Training School mechanic. The effect
of exercises of speed, strength, skill and endurance on heart rate, pulse
characteristics, and arterial pressure are studied in detail. In the fatigue
studies with the ergograph, three types of instruments are used : the weight
ergograph, the spring ergograph (isotonic method), and the spring ergo-
graph (isometric method). On the days of laboratory work, an additional
hour of class attendance will be expected of the student.
(2) Physical Training Seminar. (Dr. McCurdy.) Once a month
there will be held a seminar on advanced work in physical lines. At this
time there will be presented original work done by the faculty, fellows,
graduate students, and undergraduates, and occasionally by other special-
ists. The seminar will aim to keep informed of all newer lines of work,
publications, experiments, and the like. It is for all students in the physical
Each Senior student will prepare a thesis upon some topic related to
the course of study. This work must be done under the direct supervision
and cooperation of one of the instructors.
The title of this thesis shall be engrossed upon his diploma, and ranked
either as satisfactory, worthy of praise, worthy of high praise, or as worthy
of the highest praise.
The two higher grades shall be given only for work that is original.
The thesis must be completed before the spring term is begun.
The Gulick medal, given by Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, director of physi-
cal training in the public schools of Greater New York, will be awarded
in the spring of 1905, under the following conditions : The subject must be
one relating to physical training. It must be based upon first-hand observa-
tion of facts and include conclusions therefrom. It must include a study
of the literature of the topic. Superiority of method and skill in carrying
it out shall count for fully as much as actual results obtained. The problem
must be one which is worth while, and the thesis one which has not yet
The appointments for the School year 1903-1904 are as follows : —
Dr. D. A. Sargent, "Review of Physical Training During the Past
Dr. Geo. L. Meylan, "The College Physical Directorship."
Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, "The Problems of a Great City."
Dr. Geo. J. Fisher, "The Young Men's Christian Association Physical
F. F. Bugbee, "Correspondence Schools of Physical Training."
S. E. Abbott, "Young Men's Christian Association Summer Camps for
E. A. Barrier, "Studies of the Respiratory Function."
Charles Bonnamaux, "Contribution to the History of Physical Training
in France During the Last Century."
E. S. Elliott, "Physical Training in the Public Schools of New York,
Pennsylvania, and Ohio."
J. H. Gray, "Forms of Organization in Boys' Work."
F. A. Henckel, "The Pedagogy of Apparatus Exercises."
P. K. Holmes, "Study of Physical Training in the Public Schools of
Augustus Maier, "Physical Training in Athletic Clubs."
G. M. Pinneo, "Seasonal Rhythms of Growth in Boys."
N. P. Randel, "Manual of Graded Calisthenics."
P. B. Samson, "Physical Training in the Public Schools of Iowa, Minne-
sota, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana."
J. H. Scott, "A Study of the Social Instinct and its Development in the
R. F. Seymour, "A Dictionary of Heavy Gymnastics."
F. B. Wilber, "Physical Directors' Opportunities for Christian Service."
(3) Hygiene. (Dr. Hastings, first term, four hours.)
(a) Racial Hygiene, or Nationalization of Health.
Racial Vitality. Causes of national health or lack of it. Historical
examples — Hebrew, Greek, English, French, Spanish.
Heredity. Theories of transmission of characteristics, physical and
psychical. Acquired characteristics. Legislative attempts to prevent mar-
riage of the diseased and criminal.
Environment. Causes which tend to modify normal growth and develop-
ment, summed up in the subjects belonging to natural hygiene, climate and
meteorology, etc. ; also many subjects belonging to municipal hygiene, the
sanitary plumbing, lighting and ventilation of tenements, factories, shops,
public schools, etc.
Civilization. Sociological conditions which affect organic vigor.
The adoption of machinery as affecting the bodily development of the
race. The progressive urbanization of civilized peoples. Urbanization as
related to vitality. Specialization as affecting bodily vigor and develop-
ment. The growth of school life as related to health and development.
Devices of the day for increasing the amount of work an individual can do
— the telephone, telegraph, stenographer, mail service, steam, etc. Diseases
of occupation. The physical condition of the young men of the cities.
(b) Personal Hygiene.
Text Books : — Pyle's Personal Hygiene, and Bissell's Manual of Hygiene.
Collateral Reading: — Stevenson and Murphy's Treatise on Hygiene;
Parke's Practical Hygiene; Davies' Handbook of Hygiene; Kellogg's
Vitality and its problems; the development of the vital functions;
respiration, circulation, etc. Sleep. Clothing. Light and the eye. Hear-
ing. Bathing and physiological effects of water.
(c) School Hygiene.
Text Books : — Kotelmann's School Hygiene, and Shaw's School Hygiene.
Reference: — Burgerstein und Netolitzky, Handbuch der Schulhygiene.
School desks and posture. Retardation of growth of children through
disease. Unhygienic conditions in school buildings and equipment. Mental
fatigue and overpressure. Playgrounds, recesses, systematic exercise,
games, vacation periods, etc.
(4) Massage. (Dr. Hastings, third term, four hours per week.) Text
Books: — Kellogg's Massage and Kleen's Handbook of Massage, supple-
mented by lectures and demonstration. Every student has practice with a
subject two hours per week. A final examination in technique is required.
(5) Physical Examination, — Measurements, Strength Tests and An-
thropometric Tables. (Dr. Hastings, first term, four hours per week.)
Text Books: — Seaver's Anthropometry, Gulick's Manual for Physical
Measurements, and Hastings' Manual for Physical Measurements — Boys.
This course has to do with best methods of work in the examining room.
It aims to make the student familiar with the technique of taking, plotting,
and filing measurements and strength tests. The means used are recita-
tions, lectures, demonstrations and practice. Practice in measuring men in
Training School classes; practice in taking and recording measurements
and strength tests of high school boys in Springfield and vicinity; practice
on younger boys in the grammar schools of Springfield, and in the boys'
department of the Young Men's Christian Association; practice in plotting
tables for both men and boys, and in the calculation of vitality coefficients
and indices of strength.
(6) Physical Diagnosis. (Dr. McCurdy, five hours per week, eight
weeks.) Text book. Study of the appearances, conditions, defects, and
deformities likely to be met with in the examining room. Method of
examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the student to assume such re-
sponsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical director, and to pro-
tect those who may come under his charge against unwise exercise and
habits of life.
(7) Anthropometry. (Dr. Hastings, second term, four hours per
week.) Treated through lectures, discussions, digests and assigned
(a) Historical. Origin of the science. Laws of human proportions.
Sketch of military, college and public school anthropometry.
(b) Values. Statistical and diagnostic value of measurements. Compara-
tive value of various kinds of anthropometric tables. Relative value and
point of view for taking individual measurements. Comparative value
and adaptation of various forms of strength tests, — Intercollegiate, Kel-
(c) Statistical Methods. The ideal, type, average, mean, probable devia-
tion, probable error, etc., defined and discriminated. The whole process of
construction of anthropometric tables is demonstrated to the student by
practical problems in their actual construction. This is done primarily not
that he may make such tables, but that he may understand them and keep
up with the literature on the subject.
The generalizing and individualizing methods of observation. The abso-
lute annual increase in growth and the relative annual increase. The cor-
relation of anatomical and physiological tests.
(d) Laws of Growth. Comparative growth in height, weight, lung
capacity, strength, etc. Racial, seasonal, and diurnal rhythms, including the
whole discussion of acceleration and retardation of growth and assigned
causes. Nascent periods, age of puberty, Bowditch's law, etc. Changes in
growth produced by environment ; influence of exercise upon growth ; of
disease ; of occupation ; nationality, etc. Physical basis of mental efficiency ;
dolichocephaly and its relation to height, weight, and other physical
(e) Types of development. The typical college man, college woman,
strong man, sprinter. American boys and girls.
Types of development. The typical college man, college woman, strong
man, sprinter. American boys and girls.
(8) Prescription of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, third term, four hours
per week, nine weeks.) The adaptation of various forms of exercise to the
needs of the individual. Exercise as affecting : —
(a) Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for
their restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoul-
ders. Aetiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the
trunk. The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal
(b) Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization.
Neurasthenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality.
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage.
(c) Disease. Congestions; hernia; constipation; cardiac weakness;
cardiac insufficiency; partial paralysis; indigestion. The writing out of
prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for pre-
The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in the
treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the general
instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them out
effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered.
(9) Philosophy of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, second term, lectures two
hours per week, six hours' research.) During the year the following topics
will be treated : —
(a) Physical Training and its Relationship. To biological science. In-
terrelationship of courses preparatory to the physical directorship.
(b) Growth and Development. The human body as a mechanism, its
character and normal functions. "Function makes structure" as applied to
physical training. Development by inherent rather than by external power
and conditions. The human mind and the relation of the development of the
muscular system to that of the brain and nervous system. Muscular 'as
related to psychical force. Summary of physiology of exercise. Fatigue,
neuro-muscular, volitional and emotional. Motor training in education.
Adaption of exercise to the stage of development.
(c) Types of Exercise, and their physiological and psychological effects.
Their place in the restoration of normal function and in the promotion of
normal growth and development. The plays of children and adolescents.
The plays of adults. The plays of animals. The philosophy of play. Play
as related to physical education. The place and limits of competition in
physical training. The place and limits of specialization in physical train-
ing. Track and field sports in physical training. Athletic games in physical
training. Heavy gymnastics in physical training. Calisthenics in physical
(d) Methods, Practicability, Adaptation in lines of work. The exercise
of men in groups. The limitations of games, competition, athletic records,
etc. Characteristics of a day's work in physical training. Physical work
for boys. Summer camps for boys. The philosophy, place, and limitations
of medical gymnastics.
(10) Organisation of the Physical Department. (Dr. McCurdy, third
term, five hours per week for six weeks.) During the spring term the
following subjects will be considered: —
The Gymnasium. Construction ; equipment ; organization ; advertising
teams, newspapers, prospectus, etc. ; gymnastic pedagogy.
The class studies the construction of the gymnasium, locker rooms,
bath rooms, bowling alleys; also the construction and management of ath-
Under equipment they will study the most approved methods of fitting
up the gymnasium and grounds for physical exercise.
Under organization, the physical department committee and its rela-
tion to the board of directors; sub-committees; leaders' corps; athletic
committee ; outing and Bible study committees.
Advertising the physical department.
(Dr. McCurdy, three terms, two hours per day.) The Senior work
includes normal practice, gymnastic theory and construction in advanced
(i) Normal Practice. Normal practice consists in leading mass classes,
in the outlining of exercises for different groups of people — boys, young
men and business men, and in the managing of the School's public exer-
cises, sports and games. The Wednesday evening public normal practice
has an attendance of one to three hundred visitors. The direction of the
entire physical practice for the evening devolves upon some member of
the class. On the following day the program of the preceding day is re-
viewed, criticism is given of the matter presented and on the method of
presentation, and the pedagogical errors of a technical nature are shown
the pupil teacher.
(2) Gymnastic Theory. Text books: Ehler, Gymnastic Nomencla-
ture; Fish, Calisthenic Nomenclature; Cornell, Gymnastic Marching.
This section will include a study of gymnastic nomenclature with practical
demonstration by the class. The construction of series of exercises for dif-
ferent groups of individuals will receive attention. The order of develop-
ment of the exercises for the individual lesson is studied in its physiological
and pedagogical aspects. From the abundance of physical exercises the
teacher must be trained to select those which are scientifically correct, and
in addition those having intrinsic interest in themselves.
The lectures and recitations in gymnastic pedagogy will discuss the
common faults in teachers, the best class formations, the essentials to be
considered in the selection of "leaders."
(3) Physical Practice.
(a) Field. Students are taught hurdling (120 and 200 yards), walking,
foot ball (team practice, coaching), and field hockey (team practice,
(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in such wrestling, sparring,
and fencing exercises as are adapted to class work. Elementary tumbling
is taught. Advanced exercises on the heavy apparatus are given.
(c) Aquatics. Rowing in single and double gigs, also in four-oared
working boats, is taught.
Students are expected to attend each year two conventions : one of the
Young Men's Christian Association, and the other of the American Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Physical Education.
3. Courses for Directors of Boys' Work
For some years the faculty of the School has been giving an increasing
amount of attention to studying the problem of boys' work. Frequent
articles have been published on the social and religious life of boys and on
methods of helping them. So much interest has been manifested in this
form of work that the subjects which are taught at the institution bearing
upon work for boys are here grouped together into a separate course.
They form an excellent course for preparation for the boys' secretaryship.
Many of the leaders in this work are among the School's recent alumni.
The library is equipped with the most up-to-date discussions of work for
boys. Students preparing for boys' work will be expected to write a thesis
and make original investigations upon some theme related to this subject.
The special courses bearing upon boys' work are as follows:*
(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. Dr. Seerley.
(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. Dr. McCurdy.
(3) The Social Life of the Boy. Mr. Burr.
(4) General Outline of Work for Boys (Lectures).
(5) Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy.
(6) Growth and Development of Boys. Dr. Hastings.
(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy.
(8) Practical Work for Boys.
(9) Nature Study.
(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. (Dr. Seerley.) This subject is
taught in connection with the general course in psychology, and can be
found in detail on pages 34 and 39. It will be seen that attention is given
under genetic psychology to the study of the laws of mental development
as they appear in the boy and young man. The study of the human
instincts receives careful attention. In this connection the subject of per-
sonal purity from the psychological standpoint is presented, also the influ-
ence of heredity, degeneracy, and other important subjects.
The course in physiology, which is described in detail on page 39, con-
siders the laws of growth, and the conditions of the body at different
stages of its development.
(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Instruction
is given on the effect of different types of exercise on the physique of the
growing boy. The heart rate, pulse characteristics, and blood pressure are
carefully studied The respiration is carefully treated in its relations to
the different types of exercise. Various fatigue problems are considered
in their relation to the growth and exercise of the boy. (See page 51.)
(3) The Social Life of the Boy. (Mr. Burr.)
(a) The social nature of the boy.
(b) The social organizations of boys. Gangs, teams, clubs, etc.
(c) Periods in the development of the social life of boys.
The hunting period: the time of the bow and arrow and Indian play.
The agricultural and pastoral period: time of especial interest in care of
plants and animals. The constructive period: the time when the passion
to make something shows itself. The competitive game stage : the time
when individuals play in groups, but without team play. The cooperative
period : the time for the team play games — foot ball, base ball, hockey, etc.
The altruistic period : the time when egoism is modified by altruism.
(d) Practical suggestions as to the types of organization best fitted for
boys in these various stages.
(4) Methods. There is being a rapid development in methods of work
among boys. In order that students in this course, and all students pre-
* Secretaries specializing for boys' work will take up 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8; physical
directors specializing for boys' work, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8.
paring for the secretaryship may have the latest conception of the best
methods, arrangements have been made with a group of leaders in work
among boys to give lectures upon the most successful methods of work.
The School stands for the same ideal in boys' work as in work for men — ■
that the work of the Association is to advance the kingdom of God, and
that all the work must be carried on from the point of view of winning
boys and young men to accept Christ. Special attention will be given to
methods of helping boys in Christian living, in Bible study and in Christian
(5) Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) The course consists
of instruction in the types of exercise best fitted for boys, and of normal
practice in leading in gymnastics and sports for boys. The mass class
work includes marching, free exercises, dumb-bells, clubs and bar bells.
The work on the heavy apparatus includes only the hygienic work where
momentary support is required. The course in indoor games includes
team games like basket ball and hoop ball. Instruction is given in the
various track and field sports, also in the different styles of swimming and
diving. Splendid facilities are offered for ice sports on the lake adjoining
the School, also on the School rink. Skating and ice sports are taught.
(6) Growth and Development of Boys. (Dr. Hastings.) An under-
standing of the physical boy is basal to the grasp of boy life as a whole.
Correct discrimination and adaptation are the key to success in dealing
with the problems of this formative period. Adaptation is conditioned
upon a knowledge of the underlying laws of growth and development.
These fundamental principles are to be studied along the following lines:
(a) The Laws of Human Proportions, including a survey of the
best existing standards of growth and development, the discussion of
periods of retardation and acceleration of growth and of the relative devel-
opment of height, weight and other physical qualities.
(b) Mathematical methods employed in the construction of the an-
thropometric tables used to set forth these laws of growth and de-
(c) The use of such tables in the graphical presentation of the devel-
opment of the individual and of his deviations from the norm of his age
(d) The study of variable causes — heredity, exercise and environ-
ment, which tend to produce divergence from typical development ; hered-
ity, as indicated by nationality and occupation of parents, and by diseases
of near relatives; exercise (regular work or play) ; environment, provided
by playgrounds (street, yard, woods, field, etc.,) and by the location and
hygienic conditions of the home, and other environment as far as it affects
growth and development. (Secured through personal history blanks and
through physical examinations.)
(e) Physical Characteristics — physique, health, color, bodily defects,
sense defects, motor ability, etc. (Secured through personal history blanks
and through physical examinations.)
(f) Physical Examinations, including physical measurements and physi-
cal diagnosis. Especial attention will be given to the relative impor-
tance of measurements, their diagnostic and statistical value, the value of
strength tests as an index of vitality, the selection of a limited group of
measurements best adapted to boys' work, methods of taking special tests,
— eyesight, hearing, motor ability, etc., and to practical demonstration • in
taking ordinary measurements accurately, with and without the removal
(g) Prescription of Exercise. The adaptation of a system of exercise
to the different periods of growth as well as special adaptation to the
health, strength and peculiarities of the individual boy.
(h) Vitality, as indicated by various vital coefficients, as related to
muscular development and as promoted by environment and habits of life.
Relation to play.
(i) The Physical Basis of Mentality and Mental Efficiency.
(j) The Physical Basis of Morality. (See outline of full courses in
anthropometry, physical measurements, physical diagnosis, prescription of
exercise, and philosophy of exercise, page 53.)
(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Lec-
tures and discussion of the historical aspects of the subject from the point
of view of preparatory schools, college settlements, boys' clubs, etc. ; of the
minimum, the most valuable apparatus and that especially adapted to boys ;
of the value of outdoor gymnasia and their construction ; of the equipment
of indoor gymnasia, athletic fields, bath and locker rooms, etc., for boys.
(See outline of full course on the organization of a physical department,
(8) Practical Work for Boys. A large number of the students are
doing practical work for boys. Many of them have classes in the Sunday
school which they hold together during the week days by outings, athletic
and gymnastic games, and social gatherings. More than a hundred boys
have been given athletic and gymnastic training on the School field by the
students. Foot ball, hockey and social clubs have been formed among the
boys of the neighborhood, and have proved successful in interesting and
disciplining the boys, and also bringing them within the circle of Christian
influences and affording opportunity for personal work. The influence of
this practical work upon the students themselves is most encouraging. In
addition to these opportunities for doing work for boys, the students are
fortunate in being able to study an unusually successful work for boys
in the local Association, and also the work of the Springfield Boys' Club
for working boys.
(9) Nature Study. A number of the members of the club have gath-
ered about them groups of boys whom they are trying to interest in the
study of nature. Experience shows that such outdoor activity and study
of living things is not merely good for body, mind and spirit, but is also
in line with the natural interests and enthusiasms of the boy, and what is
of supreme importance to us as Christians, to come nearer to the heart of
Nature is to come nearer to the heart of God.
Requirements for Admission
(1) The School is open only to Christian young men, over eighteen
years of age, who have already shown ability in the direction of the work
for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant must be a member in good
standing of an evangelical church, and, if admitted, bring a certificate to
this effect, and unite and work with some church of his choice in this city
within the first term after his admission.
(2) No entrance examinations are conducted. The only educational
requirement is the ability to carry the work of the School. Graduates of
approved high schools and preparatory schools are admitted on certificate.
College and technical school graduates will be given credit for work done
and be admitted to advanced standing. Men without certificates will be
carefully tested as to their capacity to carry the work of the School during
their first term. Those who are unable to carry the work will be dismissed
from the regular course. Men of exceptional leadership and ability, but
deficient in general preparation, may continue as special students in those
courses for which they are fitted.
(3) All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can-
didates for the physical course should do this before coming.
(4) Business experience is considered very desirable for men entering
the secretarial course.
(5) Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the
opening of the school year (September 21, 1904), and students are ex-
pected to be present at the opening exercises.
(6) If at any time a student shows a lack of the prerequisites for suc-
cess, he will be dismissed.
(7) No one will be enrolled as a student unless he is taking two full
courses. Persons desiring less work may be admitted as visitors, but
cannot be rated as students.
Estimate of Expenses for the School Year
The following table is based upon the experience of the past five years:
Table board, $100 00 to $125 00
Furnished room with light and heat, 50 00 50 00
Tuition, 75 00 75 00
♦Gymnasium suits, 15 00 to 40 00
* Students are advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming
to the School, as the School has regulation colors and suits, which all are expected to
Text and note books,
Membership in local Association,
Subscription to "Men,"
$ 12 oo to $ 20 oo
12 oo " 30 oo
6 oo " 8 oo
15 00 " 18 00
2 00 " 10 00
Diploma (Senior year),
Tuition is payable promptly on the last Monday in September and Jan-
uary, one-half at each payment; room rent on last Monday in each month.
No reduction of rent will be made to a student who engages a room and
fails to appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less
than a month before the close of the School. Rent stops only when the
room is vacated and the key delivered to the janitor. A deposit of fifty
cents will be required for each key. It is suggested that each man bring
exchange on New York or Boston, otherwise it may be necessary to pay
Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his own room,
which must be kept scrupulously clean. He zvill be expected to provide
sheets, pillow slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single, three feet in
width; pillows, 18x25 inches. Rooms are liable to inspection.
Sets consisting of four sheets, two pillow slips, four large linen towels,
. and two large bath towels, all hemmed, can be furnished by the School for
$4.00, if ordered in advance.
Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class-
room exercises each day during five days of the week; also at least two
hours' daily practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics,
athletics, laboratory work, or practical work in the Young Men's Christian
Examinations, either oral or written, are made at the option of each
There is no school from Saturday noon until Monday noon.
A Junior or Middler shall be eligible for promotion only after passing
satisfactorily in every branch prescribed for the year covered, and upon
approval of the president.
A Senior will be recommended by the faculty to the trustees for gradu-
ation only after passing satisfactorily in every branch of the course, and
after presenting a thesis. Two neatly typewritten copies of each thesis
(an original and first carbon copy on good linen paper 8^x11 inches),
after acceptance by the faculty, shall be bound in "regulation binding" and
Recitations, Practice and Examinations
filed with the librarian. It is desirable that each volume when bound shall
not be less than half an inch in thickness, so as to be readily marked on
the back. It is understood that the theses when produced are the property
of the Training School, which shall have the right of publication.
Conditions imposed in any subject must be met during the following
All students are expected to be subscribers to "Association Men," and
to be members in some Young Men's Christian Association in Springfield
Many of the students earn a large portion of the expenses of the course
either during vacation or by securing work in the city on Saturday after-
noons and at odd times. The School is unable to offer aid to students. A
small loan fund, however, has enabled quite a number of students to com-
plete their course. The income from the Foss Fund of $1,000 is also avail-
able for this purpose. A number find opportunity for work in connection
with the buildings. Three to four are given teaching as assistants in the
gymnasium, and a number secure positions in neighboring Associations.
Candidates for admission who have insufficient means are invited to cor-
respond with the president.
The Student Association
The Student Association was organized October 17, 1896. Its aim is
(1) to promote Christian fellowship among the students; (2) to provide
opportunity for definite Christian work throughout the city and near-by
towns; (3) to unify the student body.
The membership fee is two dollars per year. The president of the As-
sociation would be glad to correspond with the prospective students who
may desire information of any kind.
Lee Literary Society
The society has passed its fourth mile stone. Since its organization,
January 8, 1901, much benefit has come to the men who have been con-
nected with it. Testimonies, to this effect, have come in from men who
are now in their fields of labor. The object of the society is the giving of
opportunity for improvement in debating, literary composition and skill
in parliamentary practice. For the purpose of giving practice in presiding
at meetings, the officers are elected three times a year. These inter-society
debates have been a success, and have aroused much interest among the.
student body. The prize debate is a feature of the work of the society,
the object being to give stimulus to the members. The society is especially
fortunate in securing the service of Mr. H. M. Burr as critic.
Officers: R. P. Hamlin, '04, president; G. S. Maxwell, '05, vice presi-
dent ; W. L. Hawkes, '06, secretary-treasurer ; S. Leroy Smith, '04, sergeant-
McKinley Literary Society
This society has had a most successful career ever since its organization,
October 8, 1901. Its aim is to train the members in the art of literary com-
position and debate, and offers excellent opportunity to gain a compre-
hensive knowledge of parliamentary law. The meetings which are held
Monday evenings prove most helpful as well as pleasant gatherings. The
time given to the work has certainly brought large returns in increased
ability to speak clearly, concisely, and in a pleasing manner before an
audience. The benefit derived from membership in this society is consid-
ered equivalent to that of any study in the curriculum. The efficiency and
progress of the work of this society has been materially augmented by the
kind and interested criticism offered by Dr. Ballantine at its regular
meetings. The inter-society debates held within the last year have been
the means of stimulating a greater interest in the art of public speaking,
and have also brought the different literary societies into closer relation.
Officers : P. B. Samson, '04, president ; D. W. Draper, '05, vice-president ;
C. V. P. Young, '04, secretary; E. A. Barrier, '04, treasurer; E. L. Moraller,
The International Lyceum
The Lyceum recognizes the peculiar value to an Association worker of
the ability to state his thoughts clearly and forcibly, and it has, since its
organization in 1902, directed the most of its efforts toward developing in
its members this ability. Essays on assigned subjects, magazine reviews,
and parliamentary drill also hold an important place on its program. The
officers of the society are elected every term in order that a large number
may have practice in presiding at its meetings, which are held every week.
Officers: H. Moule, '04, president; R. D. Tuckef, '06, vice-president;
H. S. Smith, '06, secretary; J. T. Seller, '06, treasurer; F. D. Smith, '06,
Inter-Society Debating Association
The Inter-Society Debating Association was organized during the fall
term of 1903. Its purpose is to conduct debating contests between the
various literary societies of the School and between the Training School
Officers : W. W. Nigh, president ; I. A. Laudenslager, secretary-treasurer.
"Nobody's Business," the weekly publication of the student body, is just
completing its fifth volume. Current School topics and everyday events of
student life are discussed on its pages. It is the social medium, as well as
the diary of School life, and affords opportunities for composition and
reporting along the line of practical editorial work. The present editorial
board consists of R. F. Seymour, '04, C. R. Foster, '05, and L. E. Day, '06.
To maintain the School's work on its present plane of efficiency, a
yearly income of $20,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is re-
quired. Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention if
addressed to L. L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be made pay-
able to his order, or to H. H. Bowman, Treasurer.
The Training School has a partial endowment fund of $50,000, which
has been contributed by friends of the institution during the past three
Bequest for Endowment
I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum of
to be safely invested by them and called the
Fund. The interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the School.
Perpetual Loan Fund
For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass.,
[or any of its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of five
thousand dollars — or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be
safely invested by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of
students who have already shown ability in the School.
Should familiarize himself with our store because
IT MEETS HIS NEEDS
Thousands of them.
No lower prices any-
In great variety. If
you cannot find what
you want here, it 's
not to be found
That will suit your
taste and beautify
your room. Prices
that fit your purse.
We fill mail orders for anything
in our line obtainable on earth
HENRY R. JOHNSON
313-315 Main Street
High Grade Furnishings for Men
Neckwear for all occasions, White
Dress Shirts, Fancy Shirts, Collars,
Cuffs of finest linens, Underwear and
Hosiery of superior qualities, Gloves
in all weights, and for all occasions.
FORBES & WALLACE, Springfield, Mass.
HOMER FOOT & CO.
Incorporated Established 1831
Hardware, Iron and Steel, Builder's Supplies
Machinist's and Carpenter's Tools
Fine Cutlery, Shears and Razors
Old Corner Main and State past seventy years
BARNEY & BERRY'S
In particular favor with Hockey players is our
SAFETY EDGE HOCKEY.
than which there is no better. Few as good. Ask the users. We want
every Training School man and his friends to get acquainted with our line.
Catalogue upon request, and if your dealer
hasn't the style you desire, we '11 sell you direct.
BARNEY & BERRY,
WILL PILOT YOU THROUGH
Should own the New and Enlarged Edition of the
International. It is more universally used
in schools than any other dictionary. It has been
selected in every instance where State purchases
nave been made for the supply of schools. It has
been warmly commended by all the State Superin-
tendents of 'Schools now in office, by nearly all the
College Presidents, City and County Superintend-
ents, t'.io Principals of Normal Schools, and a host
of teachers. The New Edition contains
25,000 NEW WORDS, Etc.
New Gazetteer of the World
with over 20,000 entries based on the latest census.
New Biographical Dictionary
giving brief facts about 10,000 noted persons.
Edited by W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., LL.D.,
United States Commissioner of Education.
New Plates. 2380 Quarto Pages. 5000 Illustrations.
We also publish
Webster's Collegiate Dictionary
with Glossary of Scottish Words and Phrases.
1100 Pages, lino Illustrations. Size 7x10x25-8 in.
FREE— "A Test in Pronunciation"
Illustrated pamphlets also free.
G. & C. MLRRIAM CO.,
Publishers, Springfield, Mass.
No. 406, Set 805
The Young Men's Christian Association,
Dear Mr. Miller,
I have the opportunity of examining every lock
that is exploited for locker purposes. If I ever find
one that is better than the "Miller Keyless" we shall
have it. However, it has never yet appeared.
We are now using about 2000 "Miller's," half of
which have been in constant service for twelve
years. This lock meets every demand made upon
, and compared with other locks, is perfect.
W. H. KINNIOUTT, Physical Director,
Cleveland Young Men's Christian Association.
The only Lock which will always respond to the
combination if OILED— WET or full of DIRT.
The only Lock provided with a SAFETY ES-
CUTCHEON. In fact, the only Lock suitable for
gymnasium lockers and other doors through the
MILLER KEYLESS LOCK CO.
Read what people have to say who have used them
Yale University Gymnasium,
New Haven, Conn., Sept. 23-03.
J. B. Miller, Esq.,
Manager Miller Keyless Lock Co.
Dear Mr. Miller:— I wish to thank you in behalf of The Chautauqua
School of Physical Education for the lock that you supplied last June
for the front door of our new Gymnasium. It worked perfectly, and
we use no other on our buildings. After ten years' wear, the locks on
our lockers in the Yale Gymnasium seem as good as new and only
twelve have had to be replaced on account of breakage by violent
JAY W. SEAVER.
Yale University Gymnasium,
New Haven, Conn., March 11, 1904.
Mr. J. B. Miller,
Dear Sir — We have used the Miller Keyless Lock
in the Yale Gymnasium lor ten years. They are
in good condition and give entire satisfaction. I
used key locks a decade before coming to Yale. 1
do not want to be bothered with them again. The
Keyless Lock is superior and more economical. It
has my strong endorsement.
Very truly yours,
W. G. ANDERSON, Associate Director.
Clothing, Hats, Furnishings, Shoes
Meigs & Co.
H. RICHARDS Merchant Tailor
790 State St., Springfield, Mass.
SUITS and OVERCOATS "to order''
FROM $20 00 UPWARDS
CLEANING, PRESSING and REPAIRING at reasonable prices.
W. N. WINANS, Mgr. ESTABLISHED 1871 Telephone Call 489-3
WILLIAM R. WINN
Seed, Animal, Fish and Lubricating Oils
Greases and Lubricants Manufacturer of
Paints, Varnishes and Japans Ebony Harness Soap and Dressing
r Run Easy Axle Grease
Mechanical Rubber Goods Metal Polish and Hoo f Dressing
Packing and Engineers' Supplies
51 AND 53 LYMAN STREET, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
CARTER ELECTRIC COM PANT
Office and Salesroom
229 Main Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
Electric Construction Gas Fixtures
Repair IV ork Electric Fixtures^ Shades
S. B. CALL
244 Main St., Springfield, Mass.
EVERYTHING for the Gym-
nasium, Basket Ball, Base
Ball, Foot Ball and Lawn
Special prices on club or team
orders. Let us know your
wants and send for catalogue.
AUSTIN J. PRATT
Welsbach Burners and Mantles, Gas Fixtures, Burners
and appliances of all kinds.
792 State Street, Winchester Park, Springfield, Mass.
JUDGE and JURY
If you will try this drug store for quality, for an ample stock of
drug store goods ;
If you will test it for accuracy, promptness and courteous treat-
ment of customers ;
If you will establish a Court of Inquiry to look into the question
of high quality with lowest prices ;
Then we will be perfectly willing that you should be judge and
jury — we know what your verdict will be.
WHEELER'S DRUG STORE, 802 state St., springfield, mass.
Gymnastic Apparatus Running Tracks
Lockers Bowling Alleys
W RITE FOR CATALOGS ■
NARRAGANSETT MACHINE CO.
Providence, R. I.
W'E give the finish that is just
¥¥ the proper style, and we
make your goods last a long time.
THE CITY LAUNDRY
19 Lyman Street Springfield, Mass.
C. ROGERS & CO., OPTICIANS
44S Main Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
H. E. BOS WORTH
Springfield' s Leading
P HOrOG RAP HE R
STUDIO, 380 Main Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS,
Cone & Sherwood
307 Main Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
Only first class companies represented
Rates as low as the lowest
of every description
Carpenter and Builder
Estimates given on all classes of work
"Jobbing promptly attended to
24 Homer Street
Will be brought to the Training
School at reduced price if you bring
your check to the Dormitory.
MARGE SON'S HIGHLAND EXPRESS
Telephone 596-13 Springfield, Mass.
A Glossary of Calisthenic Terms used in American
Gymnasiums. Eighty pages. Invaluable to all
physical directors. . . . Price $1.00
THE SEMINAR PUBLISHING CO.
HKMI GRADE PRINTING
WRITE US IF YOU ARE LOOKING
FOR A RELIABLE CONCERN WITH
WHICH TO PLACE YOUR ORDERS
E. I j. HlLDEETH & CO., Brattle boro, Vt.
THE ASSOCIATION SEMINAR
The official publication of the International Young
Men's Christian Association Training School, con-
tains up-to-date literature relating to the present-
day problems which are confronting Association
leaders. Send for sample copy.
THE SEMINAR PUBLISHING CO.
Kf.mi™ OF ,LL 'NOIS-URBANA
3 0112 111446081